Self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities

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Self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities. / Petty, Jane; Oliver, Christopher.

In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, Vol. 18, No. 5, 01.09.2005, p. 484-9.

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@article{643a4309b2a540d4814d03cb9e70d461,
title = "Self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities",
abstract = "PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this paper we review literature published in 2004 on self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities. Reviewed studies examine phenomenology and comorbidity, pharmacological and other interventions, genetic syndromes, and behavioural assessment and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Key findings include the possible association between self-injury and impulse control and stereotyped behaviours. Reports on the use of pharmacological interventions provide little evidence for the use such interventions, although the findings of studies on naltrexone seem stronger. In the behavioural phenotype literature the predictors of self-injury in Prader-Willi syndrome are becoming more refined. The behaviour analysis literature reports further development of assessment methodology to cater for idiosyncratic functions and low-rate behaviours. SUMMARY: Developments in the fields of applied behaviour analysis and genetic syndromes highlight the importance of tailored assessments and interventions. Evidence from the pharmacological literature suggests that although significant numbers of individuals are prescribed such interventions, the research evidence for their efficacy is, at best, weak.",
keywords = "behavioural phenotype, intervention, self-injurious behaviour, intellectual disability, applied behaviour analysis",
author = "Jane Petty and Christopher Oliver",
year = "2005",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/01.yco.0000179484.62391.dc",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "484--9",
journal = "Current Opinion in Psychiatry",
issn = "0951-7367",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities

AU - Petty, Jane

AU - Oliver, Christopher

PY - 2005/9/1

Y1 - 2005/9/1

N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this paper we review literature published in 2004 on self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities. Reviewed studies examine phenomenology and comorbidity, pharmacological and other interventions, genetic syndromes, and behavioural assessment and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Key findings include the possible association between self-injury and impulse control and stereotyped behaviours. Reports on the use of pharmacological interventions provide little evidence for the use such interventions, although the findings of studies on naltrexone seem stronger. In the behavioural phenotype literature the predictors of self-injury in Prader-Willi syndrome are becoming more refined. The behaviour analysis literature reports further development of assessment methodology to cater for idiosyncratic functions and low-rate behaviours. SUMMARY: Developments in the fields of applied behaviour analysis and genetic syndromes highlight the importance of tailored assessments and interventions. Evidence from the pharmacological literature suggests that although significant numbers of individuals are prescribed such interventions, the research evidence for their efficacy is, at best, weak.

AB - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this paper we review literature published in 2004 on self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities. Reviewed studies examine phenomenology and comorbidity, pharmacological and other interventions, genetic syndromes, and behavioural assessment and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Key findings include the possible association between self-injury and impulse control and stereotyped behaviours. Reports on the use of pharmacological interventions provide little evidence for the use such interventions, although the findings of studies on naltrexone seem stronger. In the behavioural phenotype literature the predictors of self-injury in Prader-Willi syndrome are becoming more refined. The behaviour analysis literature reports further development of assessment methodology to cater for idiosyncratic functions and low-rate behaviours. SUMMARY: Developments in the fields of applied behaviour analysis and genetic syndromes highlight the importance of tailored assessments and interventions. Evidence from the pharmacological literature suggests that although significant numbers of individuals are prescribed such interventions, the research evidence for their efficacy is, at best, weak.

KW - behavioural phenotype

KW - intervention

KW - self-injurious behaviour

KW - intellectual disability

KW - applied behaviour analysis

U2 - 10.1097/01.yco.0000179484.62391.dc

DO - 10.1097/01.yco.0000179484.62391.dc

M3 - Article

C2 - 16639105

VL - 18

SP - 484

EP - 489

JO - Current Opinion in Psychiatry

JF - Current Opinion in Psychiatry

SN - 0951-7367

IS - 5

ER -