Self-injurious behaviour in Cornelia de Lange syndrome: 2. Association with environmental events

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Self-injurious behaviour in Cornelia de Lange syndrome: 2. Association with environmental events. / Sloneem, Jennifer; Arron, Kate; Hall, SS; Oliver, Christopher.

In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Vol. 53, No. 7, 01.07.2009, p. 590-603.

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@article{7c579ba0f3ea44bd98cfe24cdf667a44,
title = "Self-injurious behaviour in Cornelia de Lange syndrome: 2. Association with environmental events",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviour is commonly seen in Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). However, there has been limited research into the aetiology of self-injury in CdLS and whether environmental factors influence the behaviour. METHODS: We observed the self-injury of 27 individuals with CdLS and 17 participants who did not have CdLS matched for age, gender, level of intellectual disability and mobility. Descriptive analyses were used to determine the extent to which environmental events were associated with self-injury. RESULTS: Lag sequential analysis of the association between self-injurious behaviour and environmental events revealed no differences between the two groups in terms of either the number or degree of environmental associations. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the associations between the environment and self-injury in CdLS do not differ from those seen in the broader population of people with intellectual disability. By implication the social reinforcement hypothesis is equally applicable to both groups.",
keywords = "behavioural phenotype, Cornelia de Lange syndrome, stereotyped behaviour, self-injurious behaviour, repetitive behaviour, compulsive behaviour",
author = "Jennifer Sloneem and Kate Arron and SS Hall and Christopher Oliver",
year = "2009",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2788.2009.01183.x",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "590--603",
journal = "Journal of Intellectual Disability Research",
issn = "0964-2633",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-injurious behaviour in Cornelia de Lange syndrome: 2. Association with environmental events

AU - Sloneem, Jennifer

AU - Arron, Kate

AU - Hall, SS

AU - Oliver, Christopher

PY - 2009/7/1

Y1 - 2009/7/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviour is commonly seen in Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). However, there has been limited research into the aetiology of self-injury in CdLS and whether environmental factors influence the behaviour. METHODS: We observed the self-injury of 27 individuals with CdLS and 17 participants who did not have CdLS matched for age, gender, level of intellectual disability and mobility. Descriptive analyses were used to determine the extent to which environmental events were associated with self-injury. RESULTS: Lag sequential analysis of the association between self-injurious behaviour and environmental events revealed no differences between the two groups in terms of either the number or degree of environmental associations. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the associations between the environment and self-injury in CdLS do not differ from those seen in the broader population of people with intellectual disability. By implication the social reinforcement hypothesis is equally applicable to both groups.

AB - BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviour is commonly seen in Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). However, there has been limited research into the aetiology of self-injury in CdLS and whether environmental factors influence the behaviour. METHODS: We observed the self-injury of 27 individuals with CdLS and 17 participants who did not have CdLS matched for age, gender, level of intellectual disability and mobility. Descriptive analyses were used to determine the extent to which environmental events were associated with self-injury. RESULTS: Lag sequential analysis of the association between self-injurious behaviour and environmental events revealed no differences between the two groups in terms of either the number or degree of environmental associations. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the associations between the environment and self-injury in CdLS do not differ from those seen in the broader population of people with intellectual disability. By implication the social reinforcement hypothesis is equally applicable to both groups.

KW - behavioural phenotype

KW - Cornelia de Lange syndrome

KW - stereotyped behaviour

KW - self-injurious behaviour

KW - repetitive behaviour

KW - compulsive behaviour

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2009.01183.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2009.01183.x

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 590

EP - 603

JO - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

JF - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

SN - 0964-2633

IS - 7

ER -