Self-injurious behavior, self-restraint and compulsive behaviors in Cornelia de Lange syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Colleges, School and Institutes


Researchers have argued that individuals who show self-restraint are more likely to show self-injurious behavior (SIB) that is compulsive. Self-injurious behavior, self-restraint, and compulsive behaviors have been described as features of Cornelia de Lange syndrome. We examined whether individuals with this syndrome displaying SIB and self-restraint exhibit more compulsive behaviors than do those without SIB and self-restraint. Main caregivers of individuals with the syndrome completed questionnaires. A significant association was found between SIB and self-restraint, and those displaying both behaviors displayed significantly more compulsions than did those not exhibiting them. Findings extend the compulsive behavior theory and highlight areas for further research.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-154.
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002