Self-focused attention and depressive symptoms in adults with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Queen's University Belfast
  • South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust, Northern Ireland

Abstract

Adults with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms and in the general population self-focused attention has been associated with depression. Here, we aimed to examine the relationships between aspects of self-focused attention and symptoms of depression in individuals with a diagnosis of ASD. 113 adults with a diagnosis of ASD completed self-report questionnaires. Results found that higher levels of brooding, and to a lesser degree, reflection predicted increased depressive symptoms. However, higher levels of private self-consciousness actually predicted decreased depressive symptoms. Differential relationships were observed for males and females. The current study highlights the importance of using a multidimensional approach to examining self-focused attention in ASD, and its important relationship with depression.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Early online date14 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • rumination, public self-consciousness, Autistic spectrum disorder, Depression, brooding, reflection, private self-consciousness