Selective reactivity of myrcene for vat photopolymerization 3D printing and postfabrication surface modification

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Andrew C. Weems
  • Kayla R. Delle Chiaie
  • Rachel Yee
  • Andrew Dove

Colleges, School and Institutes


Biosourced materials are gaining interest industrially, but there are still limitations on the library of available materials suitable for advanced manufacturing, especially using photopolymerization-based processing techniques. Terpenes, such as myrcene, are naturally produced materials possessing structural features, specifically alkenes, that avail themselves for such techniques. Free-radical and anionic polymerization techniques were used to explore molecular architecture, such as branching, as well as molecular weight and dispersity on physical properties prior to the production of 3D printing photopolymer resins. The polymyrcene resins were printed into dogbones and mold templates for soft materials. Model reactions with monofunctional thiols were used to demonstrate the potential for postpolymerization and fabrication functionalization, accompanying a physical demonstration where the surface hydrophobicity of polymyrcene could be tuned from superhydrophobic when using an alkyl chain monothiol (greater than 100° water contact angle) to a hydrophilic surface displaying a water contact angle of less than 45° compared with that of the unmodified surface (â¼60°). Tunable bulk and surface properties are a unique feature for 3D printing materials and demonstrate the potential of polymyrcene and other biosourced photopolymers to a wide range of research applications.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (EU grant #793247). This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 681559. Publisher Copyright: © 2019 American Chemical Society. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-170
Number of pages8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2019