Scientific drilling of Lake Chalco, Basin of Mexico (MexiDrill)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • The MexiDrill Team

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Oxford
  • University of Minnesota System
  • Instituto de Matemáticas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria
  • University of New Mexico
  • Technische Universität Braunschweig
  • Instituto Pirenaíco de Ecología
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • Leibniz-Institut für Angewandte Geophysik LIAG
  • University of Minnesota Twin Cities

Abstract

The primary scientific objective of MexiDrill, the Basin of Mexico Drilling Program, is development of a continuous, high-resolution 400 kyr lacustrine record of tropical North American environmental change. The field location, in the densely populated, water-stressed Mexico City region gives this record particular societal relevance. A detailed paleoclimate reconstruction from central Mexico will enhance our understanding of long-term natural climate variability in the North American tropics and its relationship with changes at higher latitudes. The site lies at the northern margin of the Intertropical Convergence zone (ITCZ), where modern precipitation amounts are influenced by sea surface temperatures in the Pacific and Atlantic basins. During the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), more winter precipitation at the site is hypothesized to have been a consequence of a southward displacement of the mid-latitude westerlies. It thus represents a key spatial node for understanding large-scale hydrological variability of tropical and subtropical North America and is at an altitude 2240ma.s.l.), typical of much of western North America. In addition, its sediments contain a rich record of pre-Holocene volcanic history; knowledge of the magnitude and frequency relationships of the area’s explosive volcanic eruptions will improve capacity for risk assessment of future activity. Explosive eruption deposits will also be used to provide the backbone of a robust chronology necessary for full exploitation of the paleoclimate record. Here we report initial results from, and outreach activities of, the 2016 coring campaign.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalScientific Drilling
Volume26
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2019