Risk of incident obstructive sleep apnea among patients with type 2 diabetes

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Risk of incident obstructive sleep apnea among patients with type 2 diabetes. / Subramanian, Anuradhaa; Adderley, Nicola J; Tracy, Alexander; Taverner, Tom; Hanif, Wasim; Toulis, Konstantinos A; Thomas, G Neil; Tahrani, Abd A; Nirantharakumar, Krishnarajah.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 42, No. 5, 05.2019, p. 954-963.

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@article{5cc2f2168e1e4916bac9325efa92cc1f,
title = "Risk of incident obstructive sleep apnea among patients with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: This study compared the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with and without type 2 diabetes and investigated risk factors for OSA in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to compare OSA incidence between adult patients with and without type 2 diabetes matched for age, sex, and BMI. Patients with a prevalent OSA diagnosis were excluded. The study cohort was derived from The Health Improvement Network (THIN), a U.K. primary care database, from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2017. RESULTS: There were 3,110 (0.88%) and 5,968 (0.46%) incident OSA cases identified in the 360,250 exposed and 1,296,489 unexposed patient cohorts, respectively. Adjusted incidence rate ratio (aIRR) of OSA in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with those without was 1.48 (95% CI 1.42-1.55; P < 0.001). In a multivariate regression analysis of patients with type 2 diabetes, significant predictors of OSA were diabetes-related foot disease (1.23 [1.06-1.42]; P = 0.005), being prescribed insulin in the last 60 days (1.58 [1.42-1.75]; P < 0.001), male sex (2.27 [2.09-2.46]; P < 0.001), being overweight (2.02 [1.54-2.64]; P < 0.001) or obese (8.29 [6.42-10.69]; P < 0.001), heart failure (1.41 [1.18-1.70]; P < 0.001), ischemic heart disease (1.22 [1.11-1.34]; P < 0.001), atrial fibrillation (1.23 [1.04-1.46]; P = 0.015), hypertension (1.32 [1.23-1.43]; P < 0.001), and depression (1.75 [1.61-1.91]; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: When considered alongside previous evidence, this study indicates that the association between type 2 diabetes and OSA is bidirectional. In addition to known predictors of OSA, diabetes-related foot disease and insulin treatment were identified as risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.",
author = "Anuradhaa Subramanian and Adderley, {Nicola J} and Alexander Tracy and Tom Taverner and Wasim Hanif and Toulis, {Konstantinos A} and Thomas, {G Neil} and Tahrani, {Abd A} and Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2019 by the American Diabetes Association.",
year = "2019",
month = may,
doi = "10.2337/dc18-2004",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "954--963",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "0149-5992",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of incident obstructive sleep apnea among patients with type 2 diabetes

AU - Subramanian, Anuradhaa

AU - Adderley, Nicola J

AU - Tracy, Alexander

AU - Taverner, Tom

AU - Hanif, Wasim

AU - Toulis, Konstantinos A

AU - Thomas, G Neil

AU - Tahrani, Abd A

AU - Nirantharakumar, Krishnarajah

N1 - © 2019 by the American Diabetes Association.

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study compared the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with and without type 2 diabetes and investigated risk factors for OSA in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to compare OSA incidence between adult patients with and without type 2 diabetes matched for age, sex, and BMI. Patients with a prevalent OSA diagnosis were excluded. The study cohort was derived from The Health Improvement Network (THIN), a U.K. primary care database, from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2017. RESULTS: There were 3,110 (0.88%) and 5,968 (0.46%) incident OSA cases identified in the 360,250 exposed and 1,296,489 unexposed patient cohorts, respectively. Adjusted incidence rate ratio (aIRR) of OSA in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with those without was 1.48 (95% CI 1.42-1.55; P < 0.001). In a multivariate regression analysis of patients with type 2 diabetes, significant predictors of OSA were diabetes-related foot disease (1.23 [1.06-1.42]; P = 0.005), being prescribed insulin in the last 60 days (1.58 [1.42-1.75]; P < 0.001), male sex (2.27 [2.09-2.46]; P < 0.001), being overweight (2.02 [1.54-2.64]; P < 0.001) or obese (8.29 [6.42-10.69]; P < 0.001), heart failure (1.41 [1.18-1.70]; P < 0.001), ischemic heart disease (1.22 [1.11-1.34]; P < 0.001), atrial fibrillation (1.23 [1.04-1.46]; P = 0.015), hypertension (1.32 [1.23-1.43]; P < 0.001), and depression (1.75 [1.61-1.91]; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: When considered alongside previous evidence, this study indicates that the association between type 2 diabetes and OSA is bidirectional. In addition to known predictors of OSA, diabetes-related foot disease and insulin treatment were identified as risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.

AB - OBJECTIVE: This study compared the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with and without type 2 diabetes and investigated risk factors for OSA in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to compare OSA incidence between adult patients with and without type 2 diabetes matched for age, sex, and BMI. Patients with a prevalent OSA diagnosis were excluded. The study cohort was derived from The Health Improvement Network (THIN), a U.K. primary care database, from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2017. RESULTS: There were 3,110 (0.88%) and 5,968 (0.46%) incident OSA cases identified in the 360,250 exposed and 1,296,489 unexposed patient cohorts, respectively. Adjusted incidence rate ratio (aIRR) of OSA in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with those without was 1.48 (95% CI 1.42-1.55; P < 0.001). In a multivariate regression analysis of patients with type 2 diabetes, significant predictors of OSA were diabetes-related foot disease (1.23 [1.06-1.42]; P = 0.005), being prescribed insulin in the last 60 days (1.58 [1.42-1.75]; P < 0.001), male sex (2.27 [2.09-2.46]; P < 0.001), being overweight (2.02 [1.54-2.64]; P < 0.001) or obese (8.29 [6.42-10.69]; P < 0.001), heart failure (1.41 [1.18-1.70]; P < 0.001), ischemic heart disease (1.22 [1.11-1.34]; P < 0.001), atrial fibrillation (1.23 [1.04-1.46]; P = 0.015), hypertension (1.32 [1.23-1.43]; P < 0.001), and depression (1.75 [1.61-1.91]; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: When considered alongside previous evidence, this study indicates that the association between type 2 diabetes and OSA is bidirectional. In addition to known predictors of OSA, diabetes-related foot disease and insulin treatment were identified as risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065106225&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2337/dc18-2004

DO - 10.2337/dc18-2004

M3 - Article

C2 - 30862657

VL - 42

SP - 954

EP - 963

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 0149-5992

IS - 5

ER -