Retrosternal goiter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Department of Otolaryngology
  • University Hospitals of North Midlands NHS Trust
  • Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham


Enlargement of the thyroid beyond the thoracic inlet occurs in between 5 and 20 % of goiters. The terminology varies between retrosternal, substernal, intrathoracic, and mediastinal.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTips and Tricks in Endocrine Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas