Retrieval as a fast route to memory consolidation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • James Ward Antony
  • Catarina S. Ferreira
  • Kenneth A. Norman
  • Maria Wimber

External organisations

  • Princeton University
  • University of Birmingham


Retrieval-mediated learning is a powerful way to make memories last, but its neurocognitive mechanisms remain unclear. We propose that retrieval acts as a rapid consolidation event, supporting the creation of adaptive hippocampal-neocortical representations via the “online” reactivation of associative information. We describe parallels between online retrieval and offline consolidation, and offer testable predictions for future research.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-576
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number8
Early online date2 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Long-term memory, Episodic memory, Testing effect, Retrieval-mediated learning, Consolidation, Sleep, Reactivation, Replay