Retinoid-mediated stimulation of steroid sulfatase activity in myeloid leukemic cell lines requires RARα and RXR and involves the phosphoinositide 3-kinase and ERK-MAP kinase pathways
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Colleges, School and Institutes
All-trans retinoic acid and 9-cis-retinoic acid stimulate the activity of steroid sulfatase in HL60 acute myeloid leukemia cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Neither of these 'natural retinoids' augmented steroid sulfatase activity in a HL60 sub-line that expresses a dominant-negative retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha). Experiments with synthetic RAR and RXR agonists and antagonists suggest that RARalpha/RXR heterodimers play a role in the retinoid-stimulated increase in steroid sulfatase activity. The retinoid-driven increase in steroid sulfatase activity was attenuated by inhibition of phospholipase D (PLD), but not by inhibitors of phospholipase C. Experiments with inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC) show that PKCalpha and PKCdelta play an important role in modulating the retinoid-stimulation of steroid sulfatase activity in HL60 cells. Furthermore, we show that pharmacological inhibition of the RAF-1 and ERK MAP kinases blocked the retinoid-stimulated increase in steroid sulfatase activity in HL60 cells and, by contrast, inhibition of the p38-MAP kinase or JNK-MAP kinase had no effect. Pharmacological inhibitors of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Akt, and PDK-1 also abrogated the retinoid-stimulated increase in steroid sulfatase activity in HL60 cells. These results show that crosstalk between the retinoid-stimulated genomic and non-genomic pathways is necessary to increase steroid sulfatase activity in HL60 cells.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2006|
- steroid sulfatase, genomic and non-genomic signaling, myeloid cells, retinoid receptors