Retention of perylene diimide optical properties in solid-state materials through tethering to nanodiamonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Asia R.Y. Almuhana
  • Philipp Langer
  • Rhys W. Lodge
  • Graham A. Rance

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Nottingham


The synthesis of nanodiamond-perylene diimide composites is reported. Suitably hydroxyl-functionalised perylene diimides (PDIs) are reacted with carboxylic acid functionalised nanodiamonds (NDs) through ester formation. The ND-PDI nanocomposite materials were characterised using a variety of different techniques confirming retention of the ND cores and interestingly the dye properties of the PDIs. In particular, fluorescence measurements suggest that PDIs tethered to NDs retain the characteristics of solution-phase PDIs rather than the optical properties associated with solid-state PDIs which are typically modified due to aggregation. Our relatively simple approach provides a mechanism for maintaining the solution-phase properties of PDIs in solid-state materials.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: The authors are grateful to Dr Olga Levinson (Ray Technologies Ltd.) for providing samples of nanodiamonds and Prof. Andrei Khlobystov for insightful discussions into nanodiamond surface functionalisation and characterisation. ARYA gratefully acknowledges the scholarship and support provided by King Faisal University (Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia). NRC gratefully acknowledges the support of the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/S002995/1 and EP/N033906/1).


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10317-10323
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number32
Early online date23 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2021


  • Materials Chemistry, General Chemistry

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