Results of POUT: A phase III randomised trial of perioperative chemotherapy versus surveillance in upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC)

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Results of POUT: A phase III randomised trial of perioperative chemotherapy versus surveillance in upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC). / POUT Investigators.

In: Journal of Clinical Oncology , Vol. 36, No. Suppl 6S, Abstract 407, 09.02.2018.

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@article{b4d4db2b37604897a3c64fc347f5f7ef,
title = "Results of POUT: A phase III randomised trial of perioperative chemotherapy versus surveillance in upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC)",
abstract = "Background: The role of post nephro-ureterectomy (NU) treatment for UTUC is unclear. POUT (CRUK/11/027; NCT01993979) addresses whether adjuvant chemotherapy improves disease free survival (DFS) for pts with histologically confirmed pT2-T4 N0-3 M0 UTUC. Methods: Pts (max n = 345) ≤90 days post NU were randomised (1:1) to 4 cycles of gemcitabine-cisplatin (gemcitabine-carboplatin if GFR 30-49ml/min) or surveillance with subsequent chemotherapy if required. Pts had 6 monthly cross sectional imaging and cystoscopy for the first 2 years, then annually to 5 years. Toxicity was assessed by CTCAE v4. Primary endpoint was DFS. The trial was powered to detect a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.65 (i.e. improvement in 3 year DFS from 40% to 55%; 2-sided alpha = 5%, 80% power) with Peto-Haybittle (p < 0.001) early stopping rules for efficacy & inefficacy. Secondary endpoints included metastasis-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), toxicity & quality of life. Results: Between May 2012 & Sept 2017, 248 pts were recruited (123 surveillance; 125 chemotherapy) at 57 UK centres. In Oct 2017, the independent trial oversight committees recommended POUT close to recruitment as data collected thus far (data snapshot 05/09/2017) met the early stopping rule for efficacy. At the time of interim analysis, median follow-up was 17.6 months (IQR 7.5-33.6). Pts had median age 69 years (range 36-88), 30% pT2, 65% pT3; 91% pN0;. Grade ≥3 toxicities were reported in 60% chemotherapy pts & 24% surveillance pts. 47/123 (surveillance) & 29/125 (chemotherapy) DFS events were reported; unadjusted HR = 0.47 (95% CI: 0.29, 0.74) in favour of chemotherapy (log-rank p = 0.0009). Two year DFS was 51% for surveillance (95% CI: 39, 61) and 70% for chemotherapy (95% CI: 58, 79). PFS favoured chemotherapy: HR = 0.49 (95% CI: 0.30, 0.79, p = 0.003). Conclusions: Adjuvant chemotherapy improved PFS in UTUC. POUT is the largest randomised trial in this pt population; the trial was terminated early because of efficacy favouring the chemotherapy arm. Whilst follow up for OS continues, this should be considered a new standard of care in these patients. Clinical trial information: ISRCTN98387754.",
author = "Alison Birtle and John Chester and Robert Jones and Mark Johnson and Michaela Hill and Richard Bryan and James Catto and Jenny Donovan and Ann French and Chris Harris and Frank Keeley and Roger Kockelbergh and Thomas Powles and Rachel Todd and Lucy Tregellas and Caroline Wilson and Andrew WInterbottom and Rebecca Lewis and Emma Hall and {POUT Investigators}",
year = "2018",
month = feb,
day = "9",
doi = "10.1200/JCO.2018.36.6_suppl.407",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Oncology ",
issn = "0732-183X",
publisher = "American Society of Clinical Oncology",
number = "Suppl 6S",
note = "ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium 2018 ; Conference date: 08-02-2018 Through 10-02-2018",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Results of POUT: A phase III randomised trial of perioperative chemotherapy versus surveillance in upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC)

AU - Birtle, Alison

AU - Chester, John

AU - Jones, Robert

AU - Johnson, Mark

AU - Hill, Michaela

AU - Bryan, Richard

AU - Catto, James

AU - Donovan, Jenny

AU - French, Ann

AU - Harris, Chris

AU - Keeley, Frank

AU - Kockelbergh, Roger

AU - Powles, Thomas

AU - Todd, Rachel

AU - Tregellas, Lucy

AU - Wilson, Caroline

AU - WInterbottom, Andrew

AU - Lewis, Rebecca

AU - Hall, Emma

AU - POUT Investigators

PY - 2018/2/9

Y1 - 2018/2/9

N2 - Background: The role of post nephro-ureterectomy (NU) treatment for UTUC is unclear. POUT (CRUK/11/027; NCT01993979) addresses whether adjuvant chemotherapy improves disease free survival (DFS) for pts with histologically confirmed pT2-T4 N0-3 M0 UTUC. Methods: Pts (max n = 345) ≤90 days post NU were randomised (1:1) to 4 cycles of gemcitabine-cisplatin (gemcitabine-carboplatin if GFR 30-49ml/min) or surveillance with subsequent chemotherapy if required. Pts had 6 monthly cross sectional imaging and cystoscopy for the first 2 years, then annually to 5 years. Toxicity was assessed by CTCAE v4. Primary endpoint was DFS. The trial was powered to detect a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.65 (i.e. improvement in 3 year DFS from 40% to 55%; 2-sided alpha = 5%, 80% power) with Peto-Haybittle (p < 0.001) early stopping rules for efficacy & inefficacy. Secondary endpoints included metastasis-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), toxicity & quality of life. Results: Between May 2012 & Sept 2017, 248 pts were recruited (123 surveillance; 125 chemotherapy) at 57 UK centres. In Oct 2017, the independent trial oversight committees recommended POUT close to recruitment as data collected thus far (data snapshot 05/09/2017) met the early stopping rule for efficacy. At the time of interim analysis, median follow-up was 17.6 months (IQR 7.5-33.6). Pts had median age 69 years (range 36-88), 30% pT2, 65% pT3; 91% pN0;. Grade ≥3 toxicities were reported in 60% chemotherapy pts & 24% surveillance pts. 47/123 (surveillance) & 29/125 (chemotherapy) DFS events were reported; unadjusted HR = 0.47 (95% CI: 0.29, 0.74) in favour of chemotherapy (log-rank p = 0.0009). Two year DFS was 51% for surveillance (95% CI: 39, 61) and 70% for chemotherapy (95% CI: 58, 79). PFS favoured chemotherapy: HR = 0.49 (95% CI: 0.30, 0.79, p = 0.003). Conclusions: Adjuvant chemotherapy improved PFS in UTUC. POUT is the largest randomised trial in this pt population; the trial was terminated early because of efficacy favouring the chemotherapy arm. Whilst follow up for OS continues, this should be considered a new standard of care in these patients. Clinical trial information: ISRCTN98387754.

AB - Background: The role of post nephro-ureterectomy (NU) treatment for UTUC is unclear. POUT (CRUK/11/027; NCT01993979) addresses whether adjuvant chemotherapy improves disease free survival (DFS) for pts with histologically confirmed pT2-T4 N0-3 M0 UTUC. Methods: Pts (max n = 345) ≤90 days post NU were randomised (1:1) to 4 cycles of gemcitabine-cisplatin (gemcitabine-carboplatin if GFR 30-49ml/min) or surveillance with subsequent chemotherapy if required. Pts had 6 monthly cross sectional imaging and cystoscopy for the first 2 years, then annually to 5 years. Toxicity was assessed by CTCAE v4. Primary endpoint was DFS. The trial was powered to detect a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.65 (i.e. improvement in 3 year DFS from 40% to 55%; 2-sided alpha = 5%, 80% power) with Peto-Haybittle (p < 0.001) early stopping rules for efficacy & inefficacy. Secondary endpoints included metastasis-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), toxicity & quality of life. Results: Between May 2012 & Sept 2017, 248 pts were recruited (123 surveillance; 125 chemotherapy) at 57 UK centres. In Oct 2017, the independent trial oversight committees recommended POUT close to recruitment as data collected thus far (data snapshot 05/09/2017) met the early stopping rule for efficacy. At the time of interim analysis, median follow-up was 17.6 months (IQR 7.5-33.6). Pts had median age 69 years (range 36-88), 30% pT2, 65% pT3; 91% pN0;. Grade ≥3 toxicities were reported in 60% chemotherapy pts & 24% surveillance pts. 47/123 (surveillance) & 29/125 (chemotherapy) DFS events were reported; unadjusted HR = 0.47 (95% CI: 0.29, 0.74) in favour of chemotherapy (log-rank p = 0.0009). Two year DFS was 51% for surveillance (95% CI: 39, 61) and 70% for chemotherapy (95% CI: 58, 79). PFS favoured chemotherapy: HR = 0.49 (95% CI: 0.30, 0.79, p = 0.003). Conclusions: Adjuvant chemotherapy improved PFS in UTUC. POUT is the largest randomised trial in this pt population; the trial was terminated early because of efficacy favouring the chemotherapy arm. Whilst follow up for OS continues, this should be considered a new standard of care in these patients. Clinical trial information: ISRCTN98387754.

U2 - 10.1200/JCO.2018.36.6_suppl.407

DO - 10.1200/JCO.2018.36.6_suppl.407

M3 - Abstract

VL - 36

JO - Journal of Clinical Oncology

JF - Journal of Clinical Oncology

SN - 0732-183X

IS - Suppl 6S

M1 - Abstract 407

T2 - ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium 2018

Y2 - 8 February 2018 through 10 February 2018

ER -