Resilience as a multimodal dynamic process

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Resilience as a multimodal dynamic process. / Stainton, Alexandra; Chisholm, Katharine; Kaiser, Nathalie; Rosen, Marlene; Upthegrove, Rachel; Ruhrmann, Stephan; Wood, Stephen J.

In: Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 20.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Stainton, Alexandra ; Chisholm, Katharine ; Kaiser, Nathalie ; Rosen, Marlene ; Upthegrove, Rachel ; Ruhrmann, Stephan ; Wood, Stephen J. / Resilience as a multimodal dynamic process. In: Early Intervention in Psychiatry. 2018.

Bibtex

@article{c614fb90340441068f267588d1d3ff21,
title = "Resilience as a multimodal dynamic process",
abstract = "AIM: Resilience is rapidly gaining momentum in mental health literature. It provides a new understanding of the highly variable trajectories of mental illness, and has consistently been linked with improved mental health outcomes. The present review aims to clarify the definition of resilience and to discuss new directions for the field.METHODS: After discussing the definition of resilience, this narrative review synthesizes evidence that identifies the specific protective factors involved in this process. This review also addresses the mechanisms that underlie resilience.RESULTS: Recent literature has clarified the three core components of resilience, which are the presence of an adversity or specific risk for mental illness; the influence of protective factors that supersede this risk; and finally, a subsequently more positive outcome than expected. Now that these are largely agreed upon, the field should move on to addressing other topics. Resilience is a dynamic process by which individuals utilize protective factors and resources to their benefit. It can vary within one individual across time and circumstance. It can also refer to good functional outcomes in the context of diagnosable illness. While previous research has focused on psychological resilience, it is essential that resilience is conceptualized across modalities.CONCLUSIONS: The field should move towards the development of a multimodal model of resilience. Researchers should now focus on producing empirical research which clarifies the specific protective factors and mechanisms of the process, aligning with the core concepts of resilience. This growing, more homogeneous evidence base, can then inform new intervention strategies.",
keywords = "protective factors, psychiatric illness, psychopathology, resilience, risk",
author = "Alexandra Stainton and Katharine Chisholm and Nathalie Kaiser and Marlene Rosen and Rachel Upthegrove and Stephan Ruhrmann and Wood, {Stephen J}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2018 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.",
year = "2018",
month = aug,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1111/eip.12726",
language = "English",
journal = "Early Intervention in Psychiatry",
issn = "1751-7885",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resilience as a multimodal dynamic process

AU - Stainton, Alexandra

AU - Chisholm, Katharine

AU - Kaiser, Nathalie

AU - Rosen, Marlene

AU - Upthegrove, Rachel

AU - Ruhrmann, Stephan

AU - Wood, Stephen J

N1 - © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

PY - 2018/8/20

Y1 - 2018/8/20

N2 - AIM: Resilience is rapidly gaining momentum in mental health literature. It provides a new understanding of the highly variable trajectories of mental illness, and has consistently been linked with improved mental health outcomes. The present review aims to clarify the definition of resilience and to discuss new directions for the field.METHODS: After discussing the definition of resilience, this narrative review synthesizes evidence that identifies the specific protective factors involved in this process. This review also addresses the mechanisms that underlie resilience.RESULTS: Recent literature has clarified the three core components of resilience, which are the presence of an adversity or specific risk for mental illness; the influence of protective factors that supersede this risk; and finally, a subsequently more positive outcome than expected. Now that these are largely agreed upon, the field should move on to addressing other topics. Resilience is a dynamic process by which individuals utilize protective factors and resources to their benefit. It can vary within one individual across time and circumstance. It can also refer to good functional outcomes in the context of diagnosable illness. While previous research has focused on psychological resilience, it is essential that resilience is conceptualized across modalities.CONCLUSIONS: The field should move towards the development of a multimodal model of resilience. Researchers should now focus on producing empirical research which clarifies the specific protective factors and mechanisms of the process, aligning with the core concepts of resilience. This growing, more homogeneous evidence base, can then inform new intervention strategies.

AB - AIM: Resilience is rapidly gaining momentum in mental health literature. It provides a new understanding of the highly variable trajectories of mental illness, and has consistently been linked with improved mental health outcomes. The present review aims to clarify the definition of resilience and to discuss new directions for the field.METHODS: After discussing the definition of resilience, this narrative review synthesizes evidence that identifies the specific protective factors involved in this process. This review also addresses the mechanisms that underlie resilience.RESULTS: Recent literature has clarified the three core components of resilience, which are the presence of an adversity or specific risk for mental illness; the influence of protective factors that supersede this risk; and finally, a subsequently more positive outcome than expected. Now that these are largely agreed upon, the field should move on to addressing other topics. Resilience is a dynamic process by which individuals utilize protective factors and resources to their benefit. It can vary within one individual across time and circumstance. It can also refer to good functional outcomes in the context of diagnosable illness. While previous research has focused on psychological resilience, it is essential that resilience is conceptualized across modalities.CONCLUSIONS: The field should move towards the development of a multimodal model of resilience. Researchers should now focus on producing empirical research which clarifies the specific protective factors and mechanisms of the process, aligning with the core concepts of resilience. This growing, more homogeneous evidence base, can then inform new intervention strategies.

KW - protective factors

KW - psychiatric illness

KW - psychopathology

KW - resilience, risk

U2 - 10.1111/eip.12726

DO - 10.1111/eip.12726

M3 - Review article

C2 - 30126047

JO - Early Intervention in Psychiatry

JF - Early Intervention in Psychiatry

SN - 1751-7885

ER -