Residual film thickness following immiscible fluid displacement in non-circular microchannels at large capillary number

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Colleges, School and Institutes


An experimental study of the displacement of one immiscible fluid by another was carried out in micro‐channels with circular, square and near‐semicircular cross‐sections, with hydraulic diameters from 100 to 200 μm. Experiments were carried out over a range of capillary number, Ca, from 0.02 < Ca < 80, with viscosity ratios between the two fluids ranging from 20 to 100. The liquid film left on the channel wall following the advance of the displacing fluid was obtained from visual measurements and a method for the estimation of mean film thickness was shown to be in good agreement with existing correlations. The addition of a surfactant (Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate, SDS) dissolved in the displacing fluid led to a reduction in the thickness of the residual film. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
JournalAIChE Journal
Early online date6 Apr 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Apr 2018