Remarkably high surface visco-elasticity of adsorption layers of triterpenoid saponins

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Remarkably high surface visco-elasticity of adsorption layers of triterpenoid saponins. / Golemanov, Konstantin; Tcholakova, Slavka; Denkov, Nikolai; Pelan, Edward; Stoyanov, Simeon D.

In: Soft Matter, Vol. 9, No. 24, 28.06.2013, p. 5738-5752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Golemanov, K, Tcholakova, S, Denkov, N, Pelan, E & Stoyanov, SD 2013, 'Remarkably high surface visco-elasticity of adsorption layers of triterpenoid saponins', Soft Matter, vol. 9, no. 24, pp. 5738-5752. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm27950b

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Golemanov, Konstantin ; Tcholakova, Slavka ; Denkov, Nikolai ; Pelan, Edward ; Stoyanov, Simeon D. / Remarkably high surface visco-elasticity of adsorption layers of triterpenoid saponins. In: Soft Matter. 2013 ; Vol. 9, No. 24. pp. 5738-5752.

Bibtex

@article{69cd9025c5d1401596fdd36f6424602b,
title = "Remarkably high surface visco-elasticity of adsorption layers of triterpenoid saponins",
abstract = "Saponins are natural surfactants, with molecules composed of a hydrophobic steroid or triterpenoid group, and one or several hydrophilic oligosaccharide chains attached to this group. Saponins are used in cosmetic, food and pharmaceutical products, due to their excellent ability to stabilize emulsions and foams, and to solubilize bulky hydrophobic molecules. The foam and emulsion applications call for a better understanding of the surface properties of saponin adsorption layers, including their rheological properties. Of particular interest is the relation between the molecular structure of the various saponins and their surface properties. Here, we study a series of eight triterpenoid and three steroid saponins, with different numbers of oligosaccharide chains. The surface rheological properties of adsorption layers at the air-water interface, subjected to creep-recovery and oscillatory shear deformations, are investigated. The experiments showed that all steroid saponins exhibited no shear elasticity and had negligible surface viscosity. In contrast, most of the triterpenoid saponins showed complex visco-elastic behavior with extremely high elastic modulus (up to 1100 mN m-1) and viscosity (130 N s m-1). Although the magnitude of the surface modulus differed significantly for the various saponins, they all shared qualitatively similar rheological properties: (1) the elastic modulus was much higher than the viscous one. (2) Up to a certain critical value of surface stress, τC, the single master curve described the dependence of the creep compliance versus time. This rheological response was described well by the compound Voigt model. (3) On increasing the surface stress above τC, the compliance decreased with the applied stress, and eventually, all layers became purely viscous, indicating a loss in the layer structure, responsible for the elastic properties. The saponin extracts, showing the highest elastic moduli, were those of Escin, Tea saponins and Berry saponins, all containing predominantly monodesmosidic triterpenoid saponins. Similarly, a high surface modulus was measured for Ginsenosides extracts, containing bidesmosidic triterpenoid saponins with short sugar chains.",
author = "Konstantin Golemanov and Slavka Tcholakova and Nikolai Denkov and Edward Pelan and Stoyanov, {Simeon D.}",
year = "2013",
month = jun,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1039/c3sm27950b",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "5738--5752",
journal = "Soft Matter",
issn = "1744-683X",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "24",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Remarkably high surface visco-elasticity of adsorption layers of triterpenoid saponins

AU - Golemanov, Konstantin

AU - Tcholakova, Slavka

AU - Denkov, Nikolai

AU - Pelan, Edward

AU - Stoyanov, Simeon D.

PY - 2013/6/28

Y1 - 2013/6/28

N2 - Saponins are natural surfactants, with molecules composed of a hydrophobic steroid or triterpenoid group, and one or several hydrophilic oligosaccharide chains attached to this group. Saponins are used in cosmetic, food and pharmaceutical products, due to their excellent ability to stabilize emulsions and foams, and to solubilize bulky hydrophobic molecules. The foam and emulsion applications call for a better understanding of the surface properties of saponin adsorption layers, including their rheological properties. Of particular interest is the relation between the molecular structure of the various saponins and their surface properties. Here, we study a series of eight triterpenoid and three steroid saponins, with different numbers of oligosaccharide chains. The surface rheological properties of adsorption layers at the air-water interface, subjected to creep-recovery and oscillatory shear deformations, are investigated. The experiments showed that all steroid saponins exhibited no shear elasticity and had negligible surface viscosity. In contrast, most of the triterpenoid saponins showed complex visco-elastic behavior with extremely high elastic modulus (up to 1100 mN m-1) and viscosity (130 N s m-1). Although the magnitude of the surface modulus differed significantly for the various saponins, they all shared qualitatively similar rheological properties: (1) the elastic modulus was much higher than the viscous one. (2) Up to a certain critical value of surface stress, τC, the single master curve described the dependence of the creep compliance versus time. This rheological response was described well by the compound Voigt model. (3) On increasing the surface stress above τC, the compliance decreased with the applied stress, and eventually, all layers became purely viscous, indicating a loss in the layer structure, responsible for the elastic properties. The saponin extracts, showing the highest elastic moduli, were those of Escin, Tea saponins and Berry saponins, all containing predominantly monodesmosidic triterpenoid saponins. Similarly, a high surface modulus was measured for Ginsenosides extracts, containing bidesmosidic triterpenoid saponins with short sugar chains.

AB - Saponins are natural surfactants, with molecules composed of a hydrophobic steroid or triterpenoid group, and one or several hydrophilic oligosaccharide chains attached to this group. Saponins are used in cosmetic, food and pharmaceutical products, due to their excellent ability to stabilize emulsions and foams, and to solubilize bulky hydrophobic molecules. The foam and emulsion applications call for a better understanding of the surface properties of saponin adsorption layers, including their rheological properties. Of particular interest is the relation between the molecular structure of the various saponins and their surface properties. Here, we study a series of eight triterpenoid and three steroid saponins, with different numbers of oligosaccharide chains. The surface rheological properties of adsorption layers at the air-water interface, subjected to creep-recovery and oscillatory shear deformations, are investigated. The experiments showed that all steroid saponins exhibited no shear elasticity and had negligible surface viscosity. In contrast, most of the triterpenoid saponins showed complex visco-elastic behavior with extremely high elastic modulus (up to 1100 mN m-1) and viscosity (130 N s m-1). Although the magnitude of the surface modulus differed significantly for the various saponins, they all shared qualitatively similar rheological properties: (1) the elastic modulus was much higher than the viscous one. (2) Up to a certain critical value of surface stress, τC, the single master curve described the dependence of the creep compliance versus time. This rheological response was described well by the compound Voigt model. (3) On increasing the surface stress above τC, the compliance decreased with the applied stress, and eventually, all layers became purely viscous, indicating a loss in the layer structure, responsible for the elastic properties. The saponin extracts, showing the highest elastic moduli, were those of Escin, Tea saponins and Berry saponins, all containing predominantly monodesmosidic triterpenoid saponins. Similarly, a high surface modulus was measured for Ginsenosides extracts, containing bidesmosidic triterpenoid saponins with short sugar chains.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878788527&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/c3sm27950b

DO - 10.1039/c3sm27950b

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84878788527

VL - 9

SP - 5738

EP - 5752

JO - Soft Matter

JF - Soft Matter

SN - 1744-683X

IS - 24

ER -