Religious violence, gender and post-secular counterterrorism

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Religious violence, gender and post-secular counterterrorism. / Brown, Katherine E.

In: International Affairs, Vol. 96, No. 2, 01.03.2020, p. 279-303.

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@article{88faa9a4f1864208b0ba2c0692305b52,
title = "Religious violence, gender and post-secular counterterrorism",
abstract = "This article argues that despite the framing of religion in the discipline and practice of International Relations (IR) as a force for good, or a cause of evil in the world, IR fails to treat religion on its own terms (as sui generis). With a few exceptions, the discipline has pigeonholed religion as a variable of IR, one that can be discussed as one might GDP, HIV, or numbers of nuclear missiles: measurable, with causality and essential properties. IR has also tended to treat religion as equivalent to features of global politics that it already recognizes - as an institution or community or ideology, for example - but in doing so, it misses intrinsic (and arguably unique) elements of religion. Drawing on feminist insights about how gender works in IR, namely that gender is a construct, performative and structural, this article argues a similar case for religion. A reframing of religion is applied to the case of Daesh (so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, ISIS) to show how our understanding of the organization changes when we view religion differently. The implications for counterterrorism policies if religion is viewed as more than a variable are explored in light of recent territorial and military losses for Daesh. The article therefore proposes a post-secular counterterrorism approach.",
keywords = "counterterrorism, gender, International Relations theory, post-secularism ideas and actors, religion, terrorism",
author = "Brown, {Katherine E.}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2020 The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/ia/iiaa010",
language = "English",
volume = "96",
pages = "279--303",
journal = "International Affairs",
issn = "0020-5850",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Religious violence, gender and post-secular counterterrorism

AU - Brown, Katherine E.

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/3/1

Y1 - 2020/3/1

N2 - This article argues that despite the framing of religion in the discipline and practice of International Relations (IR) as a force for good, or a cause of evil in the world, IR fails to treat religion on its own terms (as sui generis). With a few exceptions, the discipline has pigeonholed religion as a variable of IR, one that can be discussed as one might GDP, HIV, or numbers of nuclear missiles: measurable, with causality and essential properties. IR has also tended to treat religion as equivalent to features of global politics that it already recognizes - as an institution or community or ideology, for example - but in doing so, it misses intrinsic (and arguably unique) elements of religion. Drawing on feminist insights about how gender works in IR, namely that gender is a construct, performative and structural, this article argues a similar case for religion. A reframing of religion is applied to the case of Daesh (so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, ISIS) to show how our understanding of the organization changes when we view religion differently. The implications for counterterrorism policies if religion is viewed as more than a variable are explored in light of recent territorial and military losses for Daesh. The article therefore proposes a post-secular counterterrorism approach.

AB - This article argues that despite the framing of religion in the discipline and practice of International Relations (IR) as a force for good, or a cause of evil in the world, IR fails to treat religion on its own terms (as sui generis). With a few exceptions, the discipline has pigeonholed religion as a variable of IR, one that can be discussed as one might GDP, HIV, or numbers of nuclear missiles: measurable, with causality and essential properties. IR has also tended to treat religion as equivalent to features of global politics that it already recognizes - as an institution or community or ideology, for example - but in doing so, it misses intrinsic (and arguably unique) elements of religion. Drawing on feminist insights about how gender works in IR, namely that gender is a construct, performative and structural, this article argues a similar case for religion. A reframing of religion is applied to the case of Daesh (so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, ISIS) to show how our understanding of the organization changes when we view religion differently. The implications for counterterrorism policies if religion is viewed as more than a variable are explored in light of recent territorial and military losses for Daesh. The article therefore proposes a post-secular counterterrorism approach.

KW - counterterrorism

KW - gender

KW - International Relations theory

KW - post-secularism ideas and actors

KW - religion

KW - terrorism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85081985207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/ia/iiaa010

DO - 10.1093/ia/iiaa010

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85081985207

VL - 96

SP - 279

EP - 303

JO - International Affairs

JF - International Affairs

SN - 0020-5850

IS - 2

ER -