Relationship between the anterior forebrain mesocircuit and the default mode network in the structural bases of disorders of consciousness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Abstract

The specific neural bases of disorders of consciousness (DOC) are still not well understood. Some studies have suggested that functional and structural impairments in the default mode network may play a role in explaining these disorders. In contrast, others have proposed that dysfunctions in the anterior forebrain mesocircuit involving striatum, globus pallidus, and thalamus may be the main underlying mechanism. Here, we provide the first report of structural integrity of fiber tracts connecting the nodes of the mesocircuit and the default mode network in 8 patients with DOC. We found evidence of significant damage to subcortico-cortical and cortico-cortical fibers, which were more severe in vegetative state patients and correlated with clinical severity as determined by Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) scores. In contrast, fiber tracts interconnecting subcortical nodes were not significantly impaired. Lastly, we found significant damage in all fiber tracts connecting the precuneus with cortical and subcortical areas. Our results suggest a strong relationship between the default mode network - and most importantly the precuneus - and the anterior forebrain mesocircuit in the neural basis of the DOC.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroImage: Clinical
Volume10
Early online date10 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Disorders of consciousness, Default mode network, Thalamus, Basal ganglia, Anterior forebrain mesocircuit, Precuneus, DTI, Tractography, white matter, traumatic brain injury, Hypoxic–ischemic brain injury, vegetative state, minimally conscious state