Relationship between Task and Ego Orientation and the Perceived Purpose of Sport among High-School Athletes

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Colleges, School and Institutes


This study examined the relationship between an athlete’s goal perspective (i.e., task or ego orientation) and the perceived purpose of sport among male and female high school athletes. The sport-specific measure of task and ego orientation was found to have a stable factor structure and high internal consistency. Factor analysis of the Purpose of Sport Questionnaire revealed seven factors: sport should (a) teach the value of mastery and cooperation, (b) show people how to be physically active for life, (c) make good citizens, (d) make people competitive, (e) help individuals obtain a high status career, (f) enhance self-esteem, and (g) show people how to get ahead and increase their social status. Results indicated that the importance placed on skill mastery and personal improvement in sport (task orientation) positively related to beliefs that sport should enhance self-esteem and teach people to try their best, cooperate, and be good citizens. Ego orientation was a positive predicator of the view that sport involvement should enhance one’s self esteem and social status.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-335
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1989