Relationship between squamous cell carcinoma of the anterior two thirds of the tongue and removable denture use: a pioneer study in a Portuguese population

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Authors

  • Jose López-López
  • Antonio Marí-Roig
  • Enrique Jané-Salas
  • Eduardo Chimenos-Küstner
  • Jorge Rosa Santos

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine whether there is any relationship between the presence of removable dentures and squamous cell carcinoma of the anterior two thirds of the tongue in a Portuguese population. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with a biopsy-proven diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue, who were seen and treated at the Department of Head and Neck Surgery of the Portuguese Institute of Oncology 'Francisco Gentil', Lisbon, Portugal, during a 3-year period. Several factors were examined: gender, use of removable dentures, age, location of the lesion, and alcohol and tobacco consumption. One hundred and six cases were selected from the initial 151 cases, with a male:female ratio of 3:1 and the lateral borders being the most commonly affected site. The prevalence in both genders was between the sixth and seventh decade of life. Men were more likely to consume alcohol and tobacco than women, and no relationship was observed between denture use and presence of carcinoma of the tongue. In light of the data obtained, it may be considered that female use of a denture plays an important role, but it cannot be identified as a remarkable etiologic factor.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-4
Number of pages5
JournalBrazilian dental journal
Volume22
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011