Refinements in husbandry, care and common procedures for non-human primates

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


  • HM Buchanan-Smith
  • MR Gamble
  • M Gore
  • P Hawkins
  • R Hubrecht
  • S Hudson
  • M Jennings
  • JR Keeley
  • K Morris
  • S Owen
  • PC Pearce
  • MJ Prescott
  • D Robb
  • RJ Rumble
  • S Wolfensohn
  • D Buist


This report produced by the British Veterinary Association Animal Welfare Foundation (BVAAWF)/Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments (FRAME)/Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA)/Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) Joint Working Group on Refinement (JWGR) sets out practical guidance on refining the husbandry and care of non-human primates (hereinafter primates) and on minimizing the adverse effects of some common procedures. It provides a valuable resource to help understand the physical, social and behavioural characteristics and needs of individual primates, and is intended to develop and complement the existing literature and legislative guidelines. Topics covered include refinements in housing, husbandry and common procedures such as restraint, identification and sampling, with comprehensive advice on issues such as primate communication, assessing and facilitating primate wellbeing, establishing and maintaining social groups, environmental and nutritional enrichment and animal passports. The most commonly used species are the key focus of this resource, but its information and recommendations are generally applicable to other species, provided that relevant individual species characteristics are taken into account.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S1-S47
JournalLaboratory Animals
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009


  • macaque, tamarin, animal welfare, Animal behaviour, marmoset