Redundancy masking and the identity crowding debate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes


Some have claimed that identity crowding is a case where we consciously see an object to which we are unable to pay attention. Opponents of this view offer alternative explanations, which emphasise the importance of prior knowledge, amongst other factors. We review new empirical evidence showing that prior knowledge has a profound effect on identity crowding. We argue that this is problematic for the “conscious seeing without attention” view, and supports an opposing view.

Bibliographic note

Not yet published as of 14/10/2020


Original languageEnglish
JournalThought: A Journal of Philosophy
Early online date23 Oct 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Oct 2020


  • attention, consciousness, crowding, redundancy masking

ASJC Scopus subject areas