Reducing the health effect of particles from agriculture

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Bert Brunekreef
  • Nino Kunzli
  • Xavier Querol
  • Mark Sutton
  • Dick Heederik
  • Torben Sigsgaard

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Univ Utrecht
  • Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
  • Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Spanish Research Council (IDÆA-CSIC)
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate
  • Utrecht University
  • Aarhus University


Airborne particles are responsible for large numbers of premature deaths in Europe. To reduce particulate matter concentrations, direct emissions of particles from, e.g., motor vehicles need to be curtailed. But a large fraction of airborne particles is formed in the atmosphere, through reactions of ammonia, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. So emissions of these gases need to be reduced as well. This comment highlights the importance for human health of exposure to secondary inorganic particles, and the importance of controlling ammonia emissions to prevent secondary inorganic particles from being formed.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-832
JournalThe Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Issue number11
Early online date8 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015