Reduced left atrial function on exercise in patients with heart failure and normal ejection fraction.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Yu Ting Tan
  • E Lee
  • G Heatlie
  • F Leyva
  • JE Sanderson

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

AIMS The cardinal symptom of heart failure with a normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) is exertional dyspnoea. The authors hypothesised that failure of left atrial (LA) compensatory mechanism particularly on exercise contributes to the genesis of symptoms in HFNEF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty HFNEF patients, 15 asymptomatic hypertensive subjects and 30 healthy controls underwent rest and submaximal exercise echocardiography. Rest and exercise systolic, early diastolic and late diastolic (Am) mitral annular velocities were assessed using colour tissue Doppler echocardiography. Left atrial functional reserve index was calculated. Am at rest was comparable between all three groups, but exercise Am was significantly lower in HFNEF compared with hypertensive subjects and healthy controls resulting in a lower LA functional reserve index (0.84 (1.34) vs 2.39 (1.27) and 1.81 (1.39), p

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1017-23
Number of pages7
JournalHeart
Volume96
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010