Rebound behaviour of spheres during elastic-plastic oblique impact

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

In this paper, the influence of plastic deformation on the rebound behaviour of spheres during oblique impacts with a substrate at various impact angles is analysed using Finite Element Methods (FEM). Both oblique impacts of the elastic spheres with an elastic-plastic substrate and those of an elastic-plastic sphere with an elastic substrate are considered. For each impact case, impact angles ranging from 0 degrees to 85 degrees are specified by either keeping the impact speed constant, i.e, changing impact angle will vary both the normal impact velocities and tangential velocities, or keeping the normal impact velocity constant, i.e., only the tangential velocities are changed for different impact angles. It has been found that, during oblique impacts, the plastic deformation not only dissipates the initial impact kinetic energy but also leads to permanent deformation of the impacting bodies that significantly affect the rebound behaviour of the spheres, especially at relatively high impact angles. Consequently, the rebound behaviour of spheres during oblique impacts depends upon which of contacting bodies (the sphere or the substrate) deforms plastically and different rebound behaviours were observed between the impacts of an elastic sphere with an elastic-plastic substrate and those of an elastic-plastic spheres with an elastic substrate.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1102
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Volume22
Issue number9 & 11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008

Keywords

  • rebound kinematics, elastoplasticity, plastic deformation, oblique impact, coefficient of restitution