Reap what you sow: agricultural technology, urbanization and structural change

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

External organisations

  • Bangor University

Abstract

This paper studies how productivity-enhancing agricultural technology affects urbanization by provoking structural change. We investigate these issues using a natural experiment in the United States. The results show that technologies which improve crop productivity lead to a less urbanized economy as economic activity relocates from manufacturing and services towards agriculture. The effects are highly persistent and are driven by the technology increasing agricultural labor demand. Our findings highlight the potentially unintended, disruptive force of innovative technologies.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number103794
JournalResearch Policy
Volume48
Issue number9
Early online date24 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • agricultural technology, productivity, urbanization, structural change