Rationale and study design of a cross sectional study documenting the prevalence of Heart Failure amongst the minority ethnic communities in the UK: the E-ECHOES Study (Ethnic--Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening Study)

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BACKGROUND: Heart failure is an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Studies to date have not established the prevalence heart failure amongst the minority ethnic community in the UK. T'he aim of the E-ECHOES (Ethnic--Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening Study)is to establish, for the first time, the community prevalence and severity of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and heart failure amongst the South Asian and Black African-Caribbean ethnic groups in the UK. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a community based cross-sectional population survey of a sample of South Asian (i.e. those originating from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh) and Black African-Caribbean male and female subjects aged 45 years and over. Data collection undertaken using a standardised protocol comprising a questionnaire incorporating targeted clinical history taking, physical examination, and investigations with resting electrocardiography and echocardiography; and blood sampling with consent. This is the largest study on heart failure amongst these ethnic groups. Full data collection started in September 2006 and will be completed by August 2009. DISCUSSION: The E-ECHOES study will enable the planning and delivery of clinically and cost-effective treatment of this common and debilitating condition within these communities. In addition it will increase knowledge of the aetiology and management of heart failure within minority ethnic communities.


Original languageEnglish
Article number47
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2009


  • stroke care, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Peripheral Vascular Diseases [drug therapy], Intermittent Claudication [drug therapy], lacunar stroke, Antihypertensive Agents [therapeutic use], diabetes, epidemiology, Hypertension [drug therapy], South Asians, Perindopril [therapeutic use], Verapamil [therapeutic use]