Raised leptin concentrations among South Asian patients with chronic heart failure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Jeetesh Patel
  • M Sosin
  • I Chung
  • N Panja
  • Elizabeth Hughes

Colleges, School and Institutes


BACKGROUND: The disease presentation of chronic heart failure (CHF) is considered to progress with metabolic deterioration, underlined by changes in adipose associated hormones (adipocytokines). However, little is known about ethnic variations of adipocytokines amongst CHF patients, in particular South Asians, who are at an increased risk of CHF. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study, South Asians (n=106) and Caucasians (n=105) living in the UK were compared by CHF status. We investigated ethnic differences in adipocytokines (leptin, adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha), and their association with CHF. Patients with mild to moderate CHF were recruited from heart failure clinics (47 Caucasian, 54 South Asian), and compared to healthy controls. Metabolic parameters (including insulin resistance using HOMA modelling), echocardiography and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were measured amongst patients and healthy controls, and compared across and within ethnic groups. RESULTS: Mean (log transformed) plasma leptin concentrations were highest amongst South Asian patients, being 5.25% (95%CI: 1.50-9.02) higher than Caucasian patients (P=0.007), and similarly raised with respect to controls (P<or =0.04). Indices of insulin resistance were higher amongst CHF patients compared with controls, with no ethnic variation. In addition to age, female gender and body-mass index, levels of leptin were also associated with South Asian ethnicity (P


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2007