Qualitative analysis of hafnium diboride based ultra high temperature ceramics under oxyacetylene torch testing at temperatures above 2100°C

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Carmen Carney
  • Anish Paul
  • Saranya Venugopal
  • Triplicane Parthasarathy
  • Allan Katz
  • Peter Brown

External organisations

  • Loughborough University
  • Structural Sciences Center, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB
  • Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
  • UES Inc.
  • Defence Science and Technology Laboratory


Oxidation tests were carried out on HfB2-SiC, HfB2-HfC, HfB2-WC-SiC, and HfB2-WSi2 ceramics using an oxyacetylene torch. The samples were oxidized between 2100 and 2300°C. From cross-sectional images, scale non-adherence was noted as a limiting factor in oxidation resistance. The sample with the best scale adherence was HfB2-WSi2. Factors involving scale non-adherence such as vapor pressure, coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch and phase transformations were considered. In comparing the scale adherence of the samples it was hypothesized that vapor pressure buildup is the principal contributing factor in the scale adherence differences observed among the tested samples. However, the coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch and HfO2 phase transformation cannot be neglected as contributing factors to scale non-adherence in all samples.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1051
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number5
Early online date4 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014


  • Hafnium diboride, Oxidation, Silicon carbide, Tungsten silicide, Ultra high temperature ceramics