Pseudospin-mediated optical spin–spin interactionin nonlinear photonic graphene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Chunying Guan
  • Jinhui Shi
  • Jianlong Liu
  • Ping Li
  • Weimin Ye

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Nanoscale Physics Research Laboratory, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
  • Department of Physics; Harbin Institute of Technology; Harbin 150001 China
  • Key Laboratory of In-Fiber Integrated Optics of Ministry of Education, College of Science, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China.
  • College of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies; National University of Defense Technology; Changsha 410073 China


Dynamic manipulation of the spin of photons is important for manyapplications ranging from optical sensing to optical information processing.In the past, the study on controlling the spin of light has focused on chiralmaterials, three-dimensional structures lacking any mirror symmetries.However, the complexity of fabrication of such structures has hindered theirpractical applications. In this work, the dynamic switching of optical chiralityin two-dimensional honeycomb photonic crystal—the so-called photonicgraphene is explored. In particular, optical spin–spin interaction mediated bythe pseudospin states of the photonic graphene is proposed. A circularlypolarized pumping beam can lift the degeneracy at the Dirac cones, leading tochiral responses for a probe beam incident along the direction of the Diracpoints. Interestingly, the chirality is determined by the both the valley indexand the spin of the pumping beam. The proposed nonlinear photonicgraphene offers a new route to manipulate valley- and spin-dependentphenomena in 2D photonic systems.


Original languageEnglish
Article number1800242
Number of pages6
JournalLaser and Photonics Reviews
Issue number2
Early online date28 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2019


  • chirality, nonlinear photonic graphene, pseudospin, spin–spin interaction