Profiles of Physical Function, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behavior and their Associations with Mental Health in Residents of Assisted Living Facilities

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Profiles of Physical Function, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behavior and their Associations with Mental Health in Residents of Assisted Living Facilities. / Park, Saengryeol; Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Stenling, Andreas; Fenton, Sally A M; Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Jet J C S.

In: Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, Vol. 9, No. 1, 03.2017, p. 60-80.

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Park, Saengryeol ; Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie ; Ntoumanis, Nikos ; Stenling, Andreas ; Fenton, Sally A M ; Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Jet J C S. / Profiles of Physical Function, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behavior and their Associations with Mental Health in Residents of Assisted Living Facilities. In: Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 60-80.

Bibtex

@article{68b0b4166346433c8abd8abb7144ce9d,
title = "Profiles of Physical Function, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behavior and their Associations with Mental Health in Residents of Assisted Living Facilities",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The current study used latent profile analyses to identify classes of older participants based on physical health, physical function, light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior, and then examined differences in mental health between these classes.METHODS: Eighty-five residents (M = 77.5 years old, SD = 8.2) from assisted living facilities participated. Light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior were assessed by accelerometers, physical function was measured using different tasks (mobility, grip strength, and spirometry), and body mass index was calculated. Mental and physical health (i.e. anxiety, depression, fatigue, vitality, and subjective mental and physical health) were assessed by questionnaires.RESULTS: Latent profile analyses revealed three classes: {"}Class 1: Low physical function and physical activity with a highly sedentary lifestyle{"} (27.1%), {"}Class 2: Moderate physical function and physical activity with a moderate sedentary lifestyle{"} (41.2%), {"}Class 3: High physical function and physical activity with an active lifestyle{"} (31.8%). The results revealed that the latter class reported better mental health than the other two classes.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that health promotion for older adults might benefit from identifying profiles of movement-related behaviors when examining the links between physical activity and mental health. Future study should test the intervention potential of this profiling approach.",
keywords = "accelerometer, active lifestyle, latent profile analysis, older adults",
author = "Saengryeol Park and Cecilie Th{\o}gersen-Ntoumani and Nikos Ntoumanis and Andreas Stenling and Fenton, {Sally A M} and {Veldhuijzen van Zanten}, {Jet J C S}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2017 The International Association of Applied Psychology.",
year = "2017",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1111/aphw.12085",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "60--80",
journal = "Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being",
issn = "1758-0846",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Profiles of Physical Function, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behavior and their Associations with Mental Health in Residents of Assisted Living Facilities

AU - Park, Saengryeol

AU - Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie

AU - Ntoumanis, Nikos

AU - Stenling, Andreas

AU - Fenton, Sally A M

AU - Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Jet J C S

N1 - © 2017 The International Association of Applied Psychology.

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - BACKGROUND: The current study used latent profile analyses to identify classes of older participants based on physical health, physical function, light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior, and then examined differences in mental health between these classes.METHODS: Eighty-five residents (M = 77.5 years old, SD = 8.2) from assisted living facilities participated. Light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior were assessed by accelerometers, physical function was measured using different tasks (mobility, grip strength, and spirometry), and body mass index was calculated. Mental and physical health (i.e. anxiety, depression, fatigue, vitality, and subjective mental and physical health) were assessed by questionnaires.RESULTS: Latent profile analyses revealed three classes: "Class 1: Low physical function and physical activity with a highly sedentary lifestyle" (27.1%), "Class 2: Moderate physical function and physical activity with a moderate sedentary lifestyle" (41.2%), "Class 3: High physical function and physical activity with an active lifestyle" (31.8%). The results revealed that the latter class reported better mental health than the other two classes.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that health promotion for older adults might benefit from identifying profiles of movement-related behaviors when examining the links between physical activity and mental health. Future study should test the intervention potential of this profiling approach.

AB - BACKGROUND: The current study used latent profile analyses to identify classes of older participants based on physical health, physical function, light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior, and then examined differences in mental health between these classes.METHODS: Eighty-five residents (M = 77.5 years old, SD = 8.2) from assisted living facilities participated. Light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior were assessed by accelerometers, physical function was measured using different tasks (mobility, grip strength, and spirometry), and body mass index was calculated. Mental and physical health (i.e. anxiety, depression, fatigue, vitality, and subjective mental and physical health) were assessed by questionnaires.RESULTS: Latent profile analyses revealed three classes: "Class 1: Low physical function and physical activity with a highly sedentary lifestyle" (27.1%), "Class 2: Moderate physical function and physical activity with a moderate sedentary lifestyle" (41.2%), "Class 3: High physical function and physical activity with an active lifestyle" (31.8%). The results revealed that the latter class reported better mental health than the other two classes.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that health promotion for older adults might benefit from identifying profiles of movement-related behaviors when examining the links between physical activity and mental health. Future study should test the intervention potential of this profiling approach.

KW - accelerometer

KW - active lifestyle

KW - latent profile analysis

KW - older adults

U2 - 10.1111/aphw.12085

DO - 10.1111/aphw.12085

M3 - Article

C2 - 28332337

VL - 9

SP - 60

EP - 80

JO - Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being

JF - Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being

SN - 1758-0846

IS - 1

ER -