PRH/HHex inhibits the migration of breast and prostate epithelial cells through direct transcriptional regulation of Endoglin
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
PRH/HHex (proline-rich homeodomain protein) is a transcription factor that controls cell proliferation and cell differentiation in a variety of tissues. Aberrant subcellular localisation of PRH is associated with breast cancer and thyroid cancer. Further, in blast crisis chronic myeloid leukaemia, and a subset of acute myeloid leukaemias, PRH is aberrantly localised and its activity is downregulated. Here we show that PRH is involved in the regulation of cell migration and cancer cell invasion. We show for the first time that PRH is expressed in prostate cells and that a decrease in PRH protein levels increases the migration of normal prostate epithelial cells. We show that a decrease in PRH protein levels also increases the migration of normal breast epithelial cells. Conversely, PRH overexpression inhibits cell migration and cell invasion by PC3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Previous work has shown that the transforming growth factor-β co-receptor Endoglin inhibits the migration of prostate and breast cancer cells. Here we show that PRH can bind to the Endoglin promoter in immortalised prostate and breast cells. PRH overexpression in these cells results in increased Endoglin protein expression, whereas PRH knockdown results in decreased Endoglin protein expression. Moreover, we demonstrate that Endoglin overexpression abrogates the increased migration shown by PRH knockdown cells. Our data suggest that PRH controls the migration of multiple epithelial cell lineages in part at least through the direct transcriptional regulation of Endoglin. We discuss these results in terms of the functions of PRH in normal cells and the mislocalisation of PRH seen in multiple cancer cell types.
|Number of pages||9|
|Early online date||18 Nov 2013|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Dec 2014|
- Antigens, CD, Breast Neoplasms, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Lineage, Cell Movement, Chromatin, Epithelial Cells, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Genetic Vectors, Homeodomain Proteins, Humans, Male, Neoplasm Invasiveness, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Prostatic Neoplasms, Receptors, Cell Surface, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic