Prevalence, phenomenology, aetiology and predictors of challenging behaviour in Smith-Magenis syndrome

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Prevalence, phenomenology, aetiology and predictors of challenging behaviour in Smith-Magenis syndrome. / Sloneem, J; Oliver, Christopher; Udwin, O; Woodcock, Kate.

In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Vol. 55, 01.02.2011, p. 138-151.

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@article{c0d777222f694ff98fff8a6e14ea8b36,
title = "Prevalence, phenomenology, aetiology and predictors of challenging behaviour in Smith-Magenis syndrome",
abstract = "Background The prevalence, phenomenology aetiology and correlates of four forms of challenging behaviour in 32 children and adults with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) were investigated. Methods Cognitive assessments, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used to gather data on intellectual disability, verbal and physical aggression, destructive behaviour and self-injury and on characteristics known to be associated with aggression. Results Aggression in SMS was more prevalent (87%), but not more severe than aggression in contrast groups. Aggressive behaviour was more frequently associated with environmental contingencies (e.g. attention, escape and access to tangibles) than self-injury and destructive behaviours. Severity of challenging behaviours was associated with high impulsivity. Conclusion Aggression is seen in the majority of people with SMS. Results suggest that behavioural disinhibition and operant social reinforcement are associated with the manifestation of aggression.",
keywords = "aggressive behaviour, behavioural phenotype, Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, self-injurious behaviour, Smith-Magenis syndrome",
author = "J Sloneem and Christopher Oliver and O Udwin and Kate Woodcock",
year = "2011",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01371.x",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "138--151",
journal = "Journal of Intellectual Disability Research",
issn = "0964-2633",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence, phenomenology, aetiology and predictors of challenging behaviour in Smith-Magenis syndrome

AU - Sloneem, J

AU - Oliver, Christopher

AU - Udwin, O

AU - Woodcock, Kate

PY - 2011/2/1

Y1 - 2011/2/1

N2 - Background The prevalence, phenomenology aetiology and correlates of four forms of challenging behaviour in 32 children and adults with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) were investigated. Methods Cognitive assessments, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used to gather data on intellectual disability, verbal and physical aggression, destructive behaviour and self-injury and on characteristics known to be associated with aggression. Results Aggression in SMS was more prevalent (87%), but not more severe than aggression in contrast groups. Aggressive behaviour was more frequently associated with environmental contingencies (e.g. attention, escape and access to tangibles) than self-injury and destructive behaviours. Severity of challenging behaviours was associated with high impulsivity. Conclusion Aggression is seen in the majority of people with SMS. Results suggest that behavioural disinhibition and operant social reinforcement are associated with the manifestation of aggression.

AB - Background The prevalence, phenomenology aetiology and correlates of four forms of challenging behaviour in 32 children and adults with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) were investigated. Methods Cognitive assessments, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used to gather data on intellectual disability, verbal and physical aggression, destructive behaviour and self-injury and on characteristics known to be associated with aggression. Results Aggression in SMS was more prevalent (87%), but not more severe than aggression in contrast groups. Aggressive behaviour was more frequently associated with environmental contingencies (e.g. attention, escape and access to tangibles) than self-injury and destructive behaviours. Severity of challenging behaviours was associated with high impulsivity. Conclusion Aggression is seen in the majority of people with SMS. Results suggest that behavioural disinhibition and operant social reinforcement are associated with the manifestation of aggression.

KW - aggressive behaviour

KW - behavioural phenotype

KW - Autism Spectrum Disorder

KW - ADHD

KW - self-injurious behaviour

KW - Smith-Magenis syndrome

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01371.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01371.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 21199049

VL - 55

SP - 138

EP - 151

JO - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

JF - Journal of Intellectual Disability Research

SN - 0964-2633

ER -