Prevalence and Risk-Markers of Self-Harm in Autistic Children and Adults

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@article{615d4de2fa5f47638d5594c65c733bb0,
title = "Prevalence and Risk-Markers of Self-Harm in Autistic Children and Adults",
abstract = "Self-harm is purportedly common in autistic individuals, but under-researched, particularly in younger samples and those without intellectual disability. This study aimed to describe prevalence, profile and correlates of self-harm in autistic individuals without impairments in adaptive functioning. Parents of autistic participants (n = 83) completed questionnaires regarding the presence/topography of self-harm, demographic characteristics, autism severity, age of diagnosis, affect, activity levels and repetitive behaviour. 24.10{\%} of participants engaged in self-harm. Self‐harm was associated with significantly higher levels of impulsivity, over-activity, negative affect, compulsive behaviour and insistence on sameness. Low mood and overactivity/impulsivity predicted the presence of self-harm, with the model correctly classifying 82.9{\%} of cases. Findings highlight a role for impaired behavioural inhibition and low mood in the aetiological mechanisms underpinning self-harm in autism.",
keywords = "Autism, Self-harm, Prevalence, Risk-marker, Affect, Impulsivity",
author = "Lucy Licence and Chris Oliver and Joanna Moss and Caroline Richards",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1007/s10803-019-04260-1",
language = "English",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
issn = "0162-3257",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and Risk-Markers of Self-Harm in Autistic Children and Adults

AU - Licence, Lucy

AU - Oliver, Chris

AU - Moss, Joanna

AU - Richards, Caroline

PY - 2019/10/26

Y1 - 2019/10/26

N2 - Self-harm is purportedly common in autistic individuals, but under-researched, particularly in younger samples and those without intellectual disability. This study aimed to describe prevalence, profile and correlates of self-harm in autistic individuals without impairments in adaptive functioning. Parents of autistic participants (n = 83) completed questionnaires regarding the presence/topography of self-harm, demographic characteristics, autism severity, age of diagnosis, affect, activity levels and repetitive behaviour. 24.10% of participants engaged in self-harm. Self‐harm was associated with significantly higher levels of impulsivity, over-activity, negative affect, compulsive behaviour and insistence on sameness. Low mood and overactivity/impulsivity predicted the presence of self-harm, with the model correctly classifying 82.9% of cases. Findings highlight a role for impaired behavioural inhibition and low mood in the aetiological mechanisms underpinning self-harm in autism.

AB - Self-harm is purportedly common in autistic individuals, but under-researched, particularly in younger samples and those without intellectual disability. This study aimed to describe prevalence, profile and correlates of self-harm in autistic individuals without impairments in adaptive functioning. Parents of autistic participants (n = 83) completed questionnaires regarding the presence/topography of self-harm, demographic characteristics, autism severity, age of diagnosis, affect, activity levels and repetitive behaviour. 24.10% of participants engaged in self-harm. Self‐harm was associated with significantly higher levels of impulsivity, over-activity, negative affect, compulsive behaviour and insistence on sameness. Low mood and overactivity/impulsivity predicted the presence of self-harm, with the model correctly classifying 82.9% of cases. Findings highlight a role for impaired behavioural inhibition and low mood in the aetiological mechanisms underpinning self-harm in autism.

KW - Autism

KW - Self-harm

KW - Prevalence

KW - Risk-marker

KW - Affect

KW - Impulsivity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074492519&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10803-019-04260-1

DO - 10.1007/s10803-019-04260-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 31655964

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

JF - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

SN - 0162-3257

ER -