Predictors of self-injurious behavior and self-restraint in autism spectrum disorder: towards a hypothesis of impaired behavioral control

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@article{40625cf0061b44eb8ab6c5d0ca04bdca,
title = "Predictors of self-injurious behavior and self-restraint in autism spectrum disorder: towards a hypothesis of impaired behavioral control",
abstract = "Self-injury is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however few studies have investigated correlates of self-injury or the putative associations with self-restraint. Questionnaire data on self-injury, self-restraint, health conditions, overactivity/impulsivity and repetitive/restricted behavior were collected on 208 children and 216 adults with ASD ( mean age=24.10, range 6-61). Self-injury and self-restraint were frequent and significantly associated in both children (45.7% and 40.9%, p<.001) and adults (49.1% and 42.6%, p<.001). Severe self-injury was predicted by lower ability, health conditions and overactivity/impulsivity in children (p<.001) and repetitive/restricted behavior and overactivity/impulsivity in adults (p<.001). These data provide preliminary support for a developmental model of self-injury and self-restraint in which painful health conditions and compromised behavioral control influence the presence and trajectory of self-injury in ASD. ",
keywords = "Autism spectrum disorder, Self-injury, Self-restraint, Prevalence, Impulsivity, Pain",
author = "Caroline Richards and Louise Davies and Christopher Oliver",
year = "2017",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1007/s10803-016-3000-5",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "701–713",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
issn = "0162-3257",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of self-injurious behavior and self-restraint in autism spectrum disorder

T2 - towards a hypothesis of impaired behavioral control

AU - Richards, Caroline

AU - Davies, Louise

AU - Oliver, Christopher

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - Self-injury is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however few studies have investigated correlates of self-injury or the putative associations with self-restraint. Questionnaire data on self-injury, self-restraint, health conditions, overactivity/impulsivity and repetitive/restricted behavior were collected on 208 children and 216 adults with ASD ( mean age=24.10, range 6-61). Self-injury and self-restraint were frequent and significantly associated in both children (45.7% and 40.9%, p<.001) and adults (49.1% and 42.6%, p<.001). Severe self-injury was predicted by lower ability, health conditions and overactivity/impulsivity in children (p<.001) and repetitive/restricted behavior and overactivity/impulsivity in adults (p<.001). These data provide preliminary support for a developmental model of self-injury and self-restraint in which painful health conditions and compromised behavioral control influence the presence and trajectory of self-injury in ASD.

AB - Self-injury is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however few studies have investigated correlates of self-injury or the putative associations with self-restraint. Questionnaire data on self-injury, self-restraint, health conditions, overactivity/impulsivity and repetitive/restricted behavior were collected on 208 children and 216 adults with ASD ( mean age=24.10, range 6-61). Self-injury and self-restraint were frequent and significantly associated in both children (45.7% and 40.9%, p<.001) and adults (49.1% and 42.6%, p<.001). Severe self-injury was predicted by lower ability, health conditions and overactivity/impulsivity in children (p<.001) and repetitive/restricted behavior and overactivity/impulsivity in adults (p<.001). These data provide preliminary support for a developmental model of self-injury and self-restraint in which painful health conditions and compromised behavioral control influence the presence and trajectory of self-injury in ASD.

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Self-injury

KW - Self-restraint

KW - Prevalence

KW - Impulsivity

KW - Pain

U2 - 10.1007/s10803-016-3000-5

DO - 10.1007/s10803-016-3000-5

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 701

EP - 713

JO - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

JF - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

SN - 0162-3257

ER -