Predicting Occurrence of and Responses to Psychological Difficulties: The Interplay between Achievement Goals, Perceived Ability and Motivational Climates among Korean Athletes

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Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • San Francisco State University
  • Bridgewater College


The present study investigated the interrelationship of goal orientations, perceived ability, and perceived motivational climate to the experience of stress, perceived controllability, and choice of coping strategies. A total of 404 Korean intercollegiate athletes participated in the study. The results from moderated multiple regression analyses revealed that the experience of psychological difficulties was positively predicted by a perceived ego-involving climate and negatively predicted by perceived ability. The perceived controllability over stress was highest among athletes who had higher levels of task and ego orientation in a more taskinvolving atmosphere. Athletes used more approach coping as they perceived a higher level of task orientation regardless the level of perceived ability, and when they indicated higher task orientation scores in a low ego-involving environment. The avoidance/withdrawal coping strategies were positively related to an ego-involving climate. The findings implied that an examination of cultural variations in motivational factors and coping process among sport participants in a different culture may further extend theoretical applicability across diverse populations.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-47
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • goal orientation, motivational climate, stress, coping strategies