Predators and Peace: Explaining the Failure of the Pakistani Conflict Settlement Process in 2013-4

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Did US drone strikes cause the unravelling of the Pakistani conflict settlement process between the government and the TTP in 2013-14? In answering this question, we present strong, fieldwork-based evidence that the effects of leadership decapitation, civilian casualties, and loss of legitimacy and credibility as a negotiation partner by both the government and the TTP interacted in the context of specific social, political and cultural characteristics of a tribal society. We find that drone strikes ‘produced’ some of these factors, but not all, which allows us to conclude with four concrete policy recommendations for rethinking the use of drones.


Original languageEnglish
JournalCivil Wars
Early online date10 Jan 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jan 2020


  • drones, conflict resolution, peace negotiations, Taliban, Pakistan, decapitation, counter-terrorism, counter-insurgency