Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emissions from clinical waste incineratrion
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Colleges, School and Institutes
Since the introduction of the Environmental Protection Act in the UK, there are few reports of PAH emissions from clinical waste incinerators (CWls) operating to improved performance standards. The main aim of this study is to determine PAH emissions from a state-of-the-art CWI focusing on the effects of reactive gases and operating variables on emissions. This was carried out by collection of stack samples over three phases of operation. At stack conditions, most PAHs are predicted to be in the vapour phase. Reactive losses of PAHs were closely correlated by rank with expected reactivities from laboratory studies. Estimates of emissions incorporating sampling losses were derived, although no correlation was found between PAH losses and the modest levels of reactive stack gases. PAH concentrations were one to two orders of magnitude lower than earlier reports from incinerators without effective air pollution control equipment (APCE). The low levels of carbon monoxide recorded were not correlated with any PAHs. This study demonstrates the impact of efficient combustion conditions and APCE on PAH emissions from a CWI. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2006|
- reactivity, ceramic/bag filters, clinical waste incineration, PAH, CWI