PMF Analysis of Wide-Range Particle Size Spectra Collected on a Major Highway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Particle number concentration data have been collected on a very busy road in central London (Marylebone Road). Continuous size distributions from 15 nm to 10 mu m diameter, collected over 21 days, were analyzed using positive matrix factorization which identified 10 factors, five of which were observed to make major contributions (greater than 8%) to either the total number or volume of particulate matter. The sources associated with each factor were identified from the size distribution, directional association, diurnal variation and their relationship to meteorological pollution and traffic volume variables. The factors related to the emissions on Marylebone Road accounted for 40.5% of particle volume and 71.9% of particle number. These comprised nucleation mode exhaust particles (3.6% of total volume and 27.4% of total number), solid mode exhaust particles (18.8% of total volume and 38.0% of total number), brake dust (13.7% of total volume and 1.7% of total number and resuspension (4.4% of total volume and 4.8% of total number). Another six factors were associated with the urban background accounting for 59.5% of total volume and 28.2% of total particle number count. The method is extremely successful at separating the components of on-road emissions including brake wear and resuspension.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5522-5528
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume45
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011