Platelet aggregation induced by polystyrene and platinum nanoparticles is dependent on surface area
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Nanoparticles are key components underlying recent technological advances in various industrial and medical fields, and thus understanding their mode of interaction with biological systems is essential. However, while several nanoparticle systems have been shown to interact with blood platelets, many questions remain concerning the mechanisms of platelet activation and the role that the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles play in inducing platelet aggregation. Here, using negatively charged polystyrene nanoparticles with sizes of 25, 50, 119, 151, 201 nm and negatively charged platinum nanoparticles with sizes of 7 and 73 nm, we show that it is not the size of the nanoparticles but rather the nanoparticle surface area that is critical in mediating the effects on platelet activation. The nanoparticles stimulate platelet aggregation through passive (agglutination) and activation of integrin IIb3 through a pathway regulated by Src and Syk tyrosine kinase.
|Number of pages||6|
|Early online date||12 Nov 2018|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 12 Nov 2018|