Platelet activation, coagulation and angiogenesis in breast and prostate carcinoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle



In health, haemostasis and angiogenesis are tightly regulated processes, but may become deregulated in cancer. Recent evidence suggests that platelet activation may link these processes as platelets can release angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Furthermore, inflammation has also been implicated in regulating both coagulation and angiogenesis, possibly by activating platelets directly and increasing, for example, plasma fibrinogen. We hypothesized relationships between plasma markers of the processes in two common forms of cancer. Plasma levels of VEGF (reflecting angiogenesis), soluble P-selectin, (marking platelet activation), tissue factor [TF], fibrinogen and fibrin D-dimer (coagulation markers), and serum levels of IL-6 (inflammation) were measured by ELISA in 30 patients with biopsy-proven breast cancer, 30 patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer, and 30 age- and sex-matched controls for each group. Prostate specific antigen was also measured in the men. Release of VEGF from IL-6 stimulated platelets was assessed by ELISA. Plasma levels of IL-6 (P


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-90
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2004