Platelet activation and endothelial cell dysfunction in sickle cell disease is unrelated to reduced antioxidant capacity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Andrew Blann
  • S Marwah
  • G Serjeant
  • David Bareford
  • J Wright

Abstract

Possible pathogenetic processes in sickle cell disease include antioxidants, endothelial and platelet changes, and hypercoagulability. Hypothesizing relationships between these processes, we recruited 47 young adult patients (mean age 19 years) with homozygous sickle cell disease and 40 age-, race- and sex-matched healthy controls and measured plasma markers representative of these processes. We found raised plasma von Willebrand factor (P = 0.001) and intercellular adhesion molecule (P = 0.016, both marking endothelial perturbation, but the latter also marking inflammation), raised soluble P selectin (P = 0.002) (marking platelet activation) and inflammation marker C reactive protein (P = 0.021), but reduced antioxidant capacity (P = 0.002) in patients compared with controls. There was no difference in fibrinogen and there was no significant correlation between any of the indices. Our data suggest that changes in endothelial and platelet function in sickle cell disease are unrelated to reduced antioxidant capacity.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-259
Number of pages5
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume14
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2003