Plasmonic nanocavity modes: from near-field to far-field radiation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Nuttawut Kongsuwan
  • Matthew Horton
  • Rohit Chikkaraddy
  • Jeremy J. Baumberg
  • Ortwin Hess

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Imperial College London
  • University of Cambridge
  • Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics
  • Nanophotonics Centre
  • Cavendish Laboratory

Abstract

In the past decade, advances in nanotechnology have led to the development of plasmonic nanocavities which facilitate light-matter strong coupling in ambient conditions. The most robust example is the nanoparticle-on-mirror (NPoM) structure whose geometry is controlled with subnanometer precision. The excited plasmons in such nanocavities are extremely sensitive to the exact morphology of the nanocavity, giving rise to unexpected optical behaviors. So far, most theoretical and experimental studies on such nanocavities have been based solely on their scattering and absorption properties. However, these methods do not provide a complete optical description of the nanocavities. Here, the NPoM is treated as an open non-conservative system supporting a set of photonic quasinormal modes (QNMs). By investigating the morphology-dependent optical properties of nanocavities, we propose a simple yet comprehensive nomenclature based on spherical harmonics and report spectrally overlapping bright and dark nanogap eigenmodes. The near-field and far-field optical properties of NPoMs are explored and reveal intricate multi-modal interactions.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Photonics
Early online date9 Jan 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jan 2020