Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor, angiopoietin-2, and soluble angiopoietin receptor tie-2 in diabetic retinopathy: effects of laser photocoagulation and angiotensin receptor blockade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • PL Lip
  • S Chatterjee
  • Graham Caine
  • M Hope-Ross
  • J Gibson
  • Andrew Blann


BACKGROUND: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) may be a response to abnormal angiogenic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), and the soluble angiopoietin receptor tie-2. The authors hypothesised the following: (a) there are differences in plasma levels of these growth factors in different grades of diabetic retinopathy; and (b) that the effects of intervention with panretinal laser photocoagulation (PRP) for PDR, and angiotensin receptor blockade (using eprosartan) for patients with other grades of diabetic retinopathy will be to reduce levels of the growth factors. METHODS: Cross sectional and interventional study (using PRP and eprosartan) in diabetic patients. VEGF, Ang-2, and tie-2 were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: VEGF (p


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-6
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004

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