Plasma haemostatic markers, endothelial function and ambulatory blood pressure changes with home versus hospital cardiac rehabilitation: The Birmingham Rehabilitation Uptake Maximisation Study

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BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation is an accepted therapeutic intervention in patients after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularisation. The effects of cardiac rehabilitation programmes, whether home based or hospital based, on haemostatic indices (as reflected by fibrinogen, plasma viscosity, fibrin D-dimer (an index of thrombogenesis), von Willebrand factor (vWf, an index of endothelial damage/dysfunction), soluble P-selectin (an index of platelet activation)), vasomotor function (using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD)) and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in patients with coronary heart disease are unknown. METHODS: 81 patients (66 men, mean (SD) 59 (11) years) after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularisation were randomised to comprehensive hospital-based (n = 40) or home-based (n = 41) cardiac rehabilitation. Plasma levels of vWf, D-dimer, fibrinogen, soluble P-selectin and plasma viscosity, as well as FMD and 24-h ABP, were measured at baseline and after 3 months of cardiac rehabilitation. RESULTS: In patients who completed cardiac rehabilitation, levels of vWf, fibrinogen and D-dimer were significantly lower and FMD improved (all p


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1732-8
Number of pages7
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006