Phronesis (practical wisdom) as a type of contextual integrative thinking

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Phronesis (practical wisdom) as a type of contextual integrative thinking. / Kristjánsson, Kristján; Fowers, Blaine; Darnell, Catherine; Pollard, David.

In: Review of General Psychology, Vol. 25, No. 3, 09.2021, p. 239-257.

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@article{de3e0e36c4f84897955a860f67c2f408,
title = "Phronesis (practical wisdom) as a type of contextual integrative thinking",
abstract = "Coinciding with the recent psychological attention paid to the broad topic of wisdom, interest in the intellectual virtue of phronesis or practical wisdom has been burgeoning within pockets of psychology, philosophy, professional ethics, and education. However, these discourses are undercut by frequently unrecognized tensions, lacunae, ambivalences, misapplications, and paradoxes. While a recent attempt at conceptualizing the phronesis construct for the purpose of psychological measurement offers promise, little is known about how phronesis develops psychologically, what motivates it, or how it can be cultivated. Many psychologists aspire to make sense of wise thinking without the contextual, affective, and holistic/integrative resources of phronesis. This article explores some such attempts, in particular, a new “common model” of wisdom. We argue for the incremental value of the phronesis construct beyond available wisdom accounts because phronesis explains how mature decision-making is motivated and shaped by substantive moral aspirations and cognitively guided moral emotions. We go on to argue that, in the context of bridging the gap between moral knowledge and action, phronesis carries more motivational potency than wisdom in the “common model.” The phronesis construct, thus, embodies some unique features that psychologists studying wise decision-making ignore at their peril.",
keywords = "phronesis, contextual integrative cognition, moral decision-making, psychological redundancy, wisdom",
author = "Kristj{\'a}n Kristj{\'a}nsson and Blaine Fowers and Catherine Darnell and David Pollard",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 The Author(s).",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1177/10892680211023063",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "239--257",
journal = "Review of General Psychology",
issn = "1089-2680",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phronesis (practical wisdom) as a type of contextual integrative thinking

AU - Kristjánsson, Kristján

AU - Fowers, Blaine

AU - Darnell, Catherine

AU - Pollard, David

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s).

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - Coinciding with the recent psychological attention paid to the broad topic of wisdom, interest in the intellectual virtue of phronesis or practical wisdom has been burgeoning within pockets of psychology, philosophy, professional ethics, and education. However, these discourses are undercut by frequently unrecognized tensions, lacunae, ambivalences, misapplications, and paradoxes. While a recent attempt at conceptualizing the phronesis construct for the purpose of psychological measurement offers promise, little is known about how phronesis develops psychologically, what motivates it, or how it can be cultivated. Many psychologists aspire to make sense of wise thinking without the contextual, affective, and holistic/integrative resources of phronesis. This article explores some such attempts, in particular, a new “common model” of wisdom. We argue for the incremental value of the phronesis construct beyond available wisdom accounts because phronesis explains how mature decision-making is motivated and shaped by substantive moral aspirations and cognitively guided moral emotions. We go on to argue that, in the context of bridging the gap between moral knowledge and action, phronesis carries more motivational potency than wisdom in the “common model.” The phronesis construct, thus, embodies some unique features that psychologists studying wise decision-making ignore at their peril.

AB - Coinciding with the recent psychological attention paid to the broad topic of wisdom, interest in the intellectual virtue of phronesis or practical wisdom has been burgeoning within pockets of psychology, philosophy, professional ethics, and education. However, these discourses are undercut by frequently unrecognized tensions, lacunae, ambivalences, misapplications, and paradoxes. While a recent attempt at conceptualizing the phronesis construct for the purpose of psychological measurement offers promise, little is known about how phronesis develops psychologically, what motivates it, or how it can be cultivated. Many psychologists aspire to make sense of wise thinking without the contextual, affective, and holistic/integrative resources of phronesis. This article explores some such attempts, in particular, a new “common model” of wisdom. We argue for the incremental value of the phronesis construct beyond available wisdom accounts because phronesis explains how mature decision-making is motivated and shaped by substantive moral aspirations and cognitively guided moral emotions. We go on to argue that, in the context of bridging the gap between moral knowledge and action, phronesis carries more motivational potency than wisdom in the “common model.” The phronesis construct, thus, embodies some unique features that psychologists studying wise decision-making ignore at their peril.

KW - phronesis

KW - contextual integrative cognition

KW - moral decision-making

KW - psychological redundancy

KW - wisdom

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85108790476&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/10892680211023063

DO - 10.1177/10892680211023063

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85108790476

VL - 25

SP - 239

EP - 257

JO - Review of General Psychology

JF - Review of General Psychology

SN - 1089-2680

IS - 3

ER -