Phronesis as an ideal in professional medical ethics: some preliminary positionings and problematics

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Phronesis as an ideal in professional medical ethics : some preliminary positionings and problematics. / Kristjánsson, Kristján.

In: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, Vol. 36, No. 5, 10.2015, p. 299-320.

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@article{352f20c21e85400f90332af20245317e,
title = "Phronesis as an ideal in professional medical ethics: some preliminary positionings and problematics",
abstract = "Phronesis has become a buzzword in contemporary medical ethics. Yet, the use of this single term conceals a number of significant conceptual controversies based on divergent philosophical assumptions. This paper explores three of them: on phronesis as universalist or relativist, generalist or particularist, and natural/painless or painful/ambivalent. It also reveals tensions between Alasdair MacIntyre{\textquoteright}s take on phronesis, typically drawn upon in professional ethics discourses, and Aristotle{\textquoteright}s original concept. The paper offers these four binaries as a possible analytical framework for classifying and evaluating accounts of phronesis in the medical ethics literature. It argues that to make sense of phronesis as a putative ideal in professional medical ethics—for example, with the further aim of crafting interventions to cultivate phronesis in medical ethics education—the preliminary question of which conception of phronesis is most serviceable for the aim in question needs to be answered. The paper identifies considerable lack of clarity in the current discursive field on phronesis and suggests how that shortcoming can be ameliorated.",
keywords = "Phronesis, Medical ethics, Aristotle, MacIntyre, Medical ethics education",
author = "Kristj{\'a}n Kristj{\'a}nsson",
year = "2015",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1007/s11017-015-9338-4",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "299--320",
journal = "Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics",
issn = "1386-7415",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phronesis as an ideal in professional medical ethics

T2 - some preliminary positionings and problematics

AU - Kristjánsson, Kristján

PY - 2015/10

Y1 - 2015/10

N2 - Phronesis has become a buzzword in contemporary medical ethics. Yet, the use of this single term conceals a number of significant conceptual controversies based on divergent philosophical assumptions. This paper explores three of them: on phronesis as universalist or relativist, generalist or particularist, and natural/painless or painful/ambivalent. It also reveals tensions between Alasdair MacIntyre’s take on phronesis, typically drawn upon in professional ethics discourses, and Aristotle’s original concept. The paper offers these four binaries as a possible analytical framework for classifying and evaluating accounts of phronesis in the medical ethics literature. It argues that to make sense of phronesis as a putative ideal in professional medical ethics—for example, with the further aim of crafting interventions to cultivate phronesis in medical ethics education—the preliminary question of which conception of phronesis is most serviceable for the aim in question needs to be answered. The paper identifies considerable lack of clarity in the current discursive field on phronesis and suggests how that shortcoming can be ameliorated.

AB - Phronesis has become a buzzword in contemporary medical ethics. Yet, the use of this single term conceals a number of significant conceptual controversies based on divergent philosophical assumptions. This paper explores three of them: on phronesis as universalist or relativist, generalist or particularist, and natural/painless or painful/ambivalent. It also reveals tensions between Alasdair MacIntyre’s take on phronesis, typically drawn upon in professional ethics discourses, and Aristotle’s original concept. The paper offers these four binaries as a possible analytical framework for classifying and evaluating accounts of phronesis in the medical ethics literature. It argues that to make sense of phronesis as a putative ideal in professional medical ethics—for example, with the further aim of crafting interventions to cultivate phronesis in medical ethics education—the preliminary question of which conception of phronesis is most serviceable for the aim in question needs to be answered. The paper identifies considerable lack of clarity in the current discursive field on phronesis and suggests how that shortcoming can be ameliorated.

KW - Phronesis

KW - Medical ethics

KW - Aristotle

KW - MacIntyre

KW - Medical ethics education

U2 - 10.1007/s11017-015-9338-4

DO - 10.1007/s11017-015-9338-4

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 299

EP - 320

JO - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics

JF - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics

SN - 1386-7415

IS - 5

ER -