Photometric variability of the mCP star CS Vir: evolution of the rotation period

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The aim of this study is to accurately calculate the rotational period of CS\,Vir by using {\sl STEREO} observations and investigate a possible period variation of the star with the help of all accessible data. The {\sl STEREO} data that cover five-year time interval between 2007 and 2011 are analyzed by means of the Lomb-Scargle and Phase Dispersion Minimization methods. In order to obtain a reliable rotation period and its error value, computational algorithms such as the Levenberg-Marquardt and Monte-Carlo simulation algorithms are applied to the data sets. Thus, the rotation period of CS\,Vir is improved to be 9.29572(12) days by using the five-year of combined data set. Also, the light elements are calculated as $HJD_\mathrm{max} = 2\,454\,715.975(11) + 9_{\cdot}^\mathrm{d}29572(12) \times E + 9_{\cdot}^\mathrm{d}78(1.13) \times 10^{-8} \times E^2$ by means of the extremum times derived from the {\sl STEREO} light curves and archives. Moreover, with this study, a period variation is revealed for the first time, and it is found that the period has lengthened by 0.66(8) s y$^{-1}$, equivalent to 66 seconds per century. Additionally, a time-scale for a possible spin-down is calculated around $\tau_\mathrm{SD} \sim 10^6$ yr. The differential rotation and magnetic braking are thought to be responsible of the mentioned rotational deceleration. It is deduced that the spin-down time-scale of the star is nearly three orders of magnitude shorter than its main-sequence lifetime ($\tau_\mathrm{MS} \sim 10^9$ yr). It is, in return, suggested that the process of increase in the period might be reversible.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere004
Number of pages10
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
Early online date24 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • methods: data analysis, stars: chemically peculiar, stars: early-type, stars: individual: CS Vir, stars: rotation