Phosphoproteomic screening identifies Rab GTPases as novel downstream targets of PINK1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Chandana Kondapalli
  • Ronny Lehneck
  • James B. Procter
  • Brian D. Dill
  • Helen I. Woodroof
  • Robert Gourlay
  • Mark Peggie
  • Thomas J. Macartney
  • Olga Corti
  • Jean Christophe Corvol
  • David G. Campbell
  • Aymelt Itzen
  • Matthias Trost
  • Miratul M.K. Muqit

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Dundee
  • University of Munich
  • INSERM
  • CNRS-CEA
  • CNRS-Université Pierre et Marie Curie
  • Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle Épinière ICM
  • Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière

Abstract

Mutations in the PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) are causative of autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD). We have previously reported that PINK1 is activated by mitochondrial depolarisation and phosphorylates serine 65 (Ser65) of the ubiquitin ligase Parkin and ubiquitin to stimulate Parkin E3 ligase activity. Here, we have employed quantitative phosphoproteomics to search for novel PINK1-dependent phosphorylation targets in HEK (human embryonic kidney) 293 cells stimulated by mitochondrial depolarisation. This led to the identification of 14,213 phosphosites from 4,499 gene products. Whilst most phosphosites were unaffected, we strikingly observed three members of a sub-family of Rab GTPases namely Rab8A, 8B and 13 that are all phosphorylated at the highly conserved residue of serine 111 (Ser111) in response to PINK1 activation. Using phospho-specific antibodies raised against Ser111 of each of the Rabs, we demonstrate that Rab Ser111 phosphorylation occurs specifically in response to PINK1 activation and is abolished in HeLa PINK1 knockout cells and mutant PINK1 PD patient-derived fibroblasts stimulated by mitochondrial depolarisation. We provide evidence that Rab8A GTPase Ser111 phosphorylation is not directly regulated by PINK1 in vitro and demonstrate in cells the time course of Ser111 phosphorylation of Rab8A, 8B and 13 is markedly delayed compared to phosphorylation of Parkin at Ser65. We further show mechanistically that phosphorylation at Ser111 significantly impairs Rab8A activation by its cognate guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), Rabin8 (by using the Ser111Glu phosphorylation mimic). These findings provide the first evidence that PINK1 is able to regulate the phosphorylation of Rab GTPases and indicate that monitoring phosphorylation of Rab8A/8B/13 at Ser111 may represent novel biomarkers of PINK1 activity in vivo. Our findings also suggest that disruption of Rab GTPase-mediated signalling may represent a major mechanism in the neurodegenerative cascade of Parkinson's disease.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2840-2861
Number of pages22
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume34
Issue number22
Early online date16 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Parkinson's disease, phosphoproteomics, PINK1, Rab GTPases, Membrane and intracellular transport, Methods and resources, Post-translational modifications, Proteolysis and proteomics