Phosphate content affects structure and bioactivity of sol-gel silicate bioactive glasses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Hung-Kai Ting
  • Sam J Page
  • Shu Chen
  • Bobo Yu
  • John V Hanna
  • Julian R Jones

Colleges, School and Institutes


Bioactive glasses can heal bone defects and bond with bone through formation of hydroxyl carbonate apatite (HCA) surface layer. Sol-gel derived bioactive glasses are thought to have potential for improving bone regeneration rates over melt-derived compositions. The 58S sol-gel composition (60 mol% SiO2, 36 mol% CaO, and 4 mol% P2O5) has appeared in commercial products. Here, hydroxyapatite (HA) was found to form within the 58S glass during sol-gel synthesis after thermal stabilization. The preformed HA may lead to rapid release of calcium orthophosphate, or nanocrystals of HA, on exposure to body fluid, rather than the release of separate the calcium and phosphate species. Increasing the P2O5 to CaO ratio in the glass composition reduced preformed HA formation, as observed by XRD and solid-state NMR. Instead, above 12 mol% phosphate, a phosphate glass network (polyphosphate) formed, creating co-networks of phosphate and silica. Nanopore diameter of the glass and rate of HCA layer formation in simulated body fluid (SBF) decreased when the phosphate content increased.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-382
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Glass Science
Issue number4
Early online date25 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017