Perspective-taking abilities in the balance between autism tendencies and psychosis proneness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Difficulties with the ability to appreciate the perspective of others (mentalizing) is central to both autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. While the disorders are diagnostically independent, they can co-occur in the same individual. The effect of such co-morbidity is hypothesized to worsen mentalizing abilities. The recent influential 'diametric brain theory', however, suggests that the disorders are etiologically and phenotypically diametrical, predicting opposing effects on one's mentalizing abilities. To test these contrasting hypotheses, we evaluated the effect of psychosis and autism tendencies on the perspective-taking (PT) abilities of 201 neurotypical adults, on the assumption that autism tendencies and psychosis proneness are heritable dimensions of normal variation. We show that while both autism tendencies and psychosis proneness induce PT errors, their interaction reduced these errors. Our study is, to our knowledge, the first to observe that co-occurring autistic and psychotic traits can exert opposing influences on performance, producing a normalizing effect possibly by way of their diametrical effects on socio-cognitive abilities. This advances the notion that some individuals may, to some extent, be buffered against developing either illness or present fewer symptoms owing to a balanced expression of autistic and psychosis liability.

Bibliographic note

© 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number20150563
Number of pages8
JournalRoyal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences
Volume282
Issue number1808
Early online date13 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2015